Rudbaxton Rath

Has been described as a Possible Timber Castle (Ringwork)

There are cropmark/slight earthwork remains

NameRudbaxton Rath
Alternative NamesRhos; Simons Castle; St Leonards Rath
Historic CountryPembrokeshire
Modern AuthorityPembrokeshire
1974 AuthorityDyfed

This is a ringed enclosure with a ringed keep. The outer ring is 320 feet N. to S. internal measurement; 310 feet E. to W. The rampart is 10 feet high with 23 feet fall to a ditch 6 feet deep, 2 feet of which are artificially built up on the S.; 8 feet high, 16 feet fall to a ditch 3 feet deep on N. Entrance to the N. The inner ring is 150 feet N. to S. and 100 feet E. to W. The rampart is 5 feet high with 18 feet fall to a ditch 5 feet deep. Entrance to the N.E. The outer bank beyond the ditch of the outer enclosure commences at a steep declivity on the E. Along the southern side it is of only moderate dimensions, but on the western side it is of considerable width, though no great height. Outside the entrance of the outer enclosure on the right-hand side are the remains of a ruined chapel (RCAHMW, 1925)

Rudbaxton Rath is a subcircular banked, ditched and counterscarped enclosure, about 100m north-south by 95m, having a possible north-facing entrance; resting within the western ramparts is an eliptical enclosure, about 50m NNW-SSE by 32m, presently ploughed-down, but depicted on OS County series (Pembroke. XXIII.13 1889), as banked and ditched, with a north-east-facing, causewayed entrance - thought to represent a medieval castle. On the north-east St Leonard's well (Nprn 305249 - associated with chapel) impinges on the main rampart. The site is said to have been involved in the English Revolution and finds of unspecified armour have been noted. Two twisted iron rings, about 20cm in diameter, possibly torcs and an approx. half-sized iron model of a hand, found 'at "the Rath"' about 1865, thought to be Iron Age, or possibly Roman, although the presence of a castle, holy well and chapel should be taken into consideration. (Coflein)

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law

Not Listed

The National Monument Record (Coflein) number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceSM985188
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Copyright Dave Barlow of Abaroths World All Rights Reserved
Copyright Dave Barlow of Abaroths World All Rights Reserved
Copyright Dave Barlow of Abaroths World All Rights Reserved
Copyright Dave Barlow of Abaroths World All Rights Reserved
Copyright Dave Barlow of Abaroths World All Rights Reserved

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  • Morgan, Gerald, 2008, Castles in Wales: A Handbook (Talybont: Y Lolfa Cyf.) p. 248 (listed)
  • Hull, Lise, 2005, Castles and Bishops Palaces of Pembrokeshire (Logaston Press) p. 193-4
  • Davis, Paul, 2000, A Company of Forts. A Guide to the Medieval Castles of West Wales (Gomer Press) p. 40
  • Pettifer, Adrian, 2000, Welsh Castles, A Guide by Counties (Boydell Press) p. 178
  • Salter, Mike, 1996, The Castles of South West Wales (Malvern) p. 87 (slight)
  • Miles, Dillwyn, 1979 (Revised 1988), Castles of Pembrokeshire (Pembrokeshire Coast National Park) p. 5-7
  • King, D.J.C., 1983, Castellarium Anglicanum (London: Kraus) Vol. 2 p. 397
  • RCAHMW, 1925, An inventory of the Ancient Monuments of Pembrokeshire (HMSO) p. 315 no. 917 online copy
  • Lewis, Samual, 1849, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales online copy


  • King, D.J.C. and Alcock, L., 1969, 'Ringworks in England and Wales' Ch√Ęteau Gaillard Vol. 3 p. 90-127
  • Hogg, A.H.A. and King, D.J.C., 1963, 'Early castles in Wales and the Marches: a preliminary list' Archaeologia Cambrensis Vol. 112 p. 77-124
  • Allen and Williams, 1898, Archaeologia Cambrensis Vol. 53 p. 268-9 online copy
  • Llewellin, W., 1864, 'The Raths of Pembrokeshire' Archaeologia Cambrensis Vol. 19 p. 12-13 and plan facing p. 1 online copy