Caerwent Town Walls

Has been described as a Possible Urban Defence

There are major building remains

NameCaerwent Town Walls
Alternative Names
Historic CountryMonmouthshire
Modern AuthorityMonmouthshire
1974 AuthorityGwent
CommunityCaerwent

The extensive remains of the Roman city of Venta Silurum are found in the village of Caerwent. The surviving city walls, particularly on the south side, are one of the most impressive Roman monuments in Britain.

The city occupies a low ridge or spur, overlooking the meadows alongside the Nedern Brook. This is at the centre of a valley plain surrounded by hills. There was a settlement or centre of some kind in the later first century AD, but the formal capital was not established until the second century when the east-west road running across the plain was built, possibly as late as the principate of Hadrian. This became a grand city crowded with luxurious private mansions and public buildings, including an amphitheatre. These buildings spilled out beyond the tower-studded walls, which enclosed an area of some 16.5ha. (Coflein)

Gatehouse Comments

It is uncertain what condition the walls were in medieval period but must have still been strong, particularly in earlier periods before the site was quarried for stone building. However the circuit must have been too large for small village and possible ecclesiastical site to defend.

- Philip Davis

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law

Not Listed

The National Monument Record (Coflein) number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceST469905
Latitude51.6107292175293
Longitude-2.76876997947693
Eastings346900
Northings190540
HyperLink HyperLink HyperLink
Copyright Philip Blayney All rights reserved.
Copyright Philip Blayney All rights reserved.
Copyright Philip Blayney All rights reserved.
Copyright Philip Blayney All rights reserved.
Copyright Philip Blayney All rights reserved.
Copyright Philip Blayney All rights reserved.
Copyright Philip Blayney All rights reserved.
Copyright Philip Blayney All rights reserved.
Copyright Philip Blayney All rights reserved.
Copyright Philip Blayney All rights reserved.
Copyright Philip Blayney All rights reserved.
Copyright Philip Blayney All rights reserved.
Copyright Philip Blayney All rights reserved.
Copyright Philip Blayney All rights reserved.
Copyright Philip Blayney All rights reserved.
Copyright Philip Blayney All rights reserved.
Copyright Philip Blayney All rights reserved.
Copyright Philip Blayney All rights reserved.
Copyright Philip Blayney All rights reserved.
Copyright Philip Blayney All rights reserved.

Most of the sites or buildings recorded in this web site are NOT open to the public and permission to visit a site must always be sought from the landowner or tenant.

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Books

  • Creighton, O.H. and Higham, R.A., 2005, Medieval Town Walls (Stroud: Tempus) p. 40, 41, 273
  • Brewer, Richard J., 1993, Caerwent Roman Town (CADW)
  • King, D.J.C., 1983, Castellarium Anglicanum (London: Kraus) Vol. 1 p. 291 ("probably not used in Middle Ages")
  • Coxe, W., 1801, An Historical Tour in Monmouthshire (London) Vol. 1 p. 24-8

Antiquarian

Journals

  • Knight, Jeremy K., 1994, 'Welsh Fortifications of the first Millenium A.D.' Château Gaillard Vol. 16 p. 277-284