Newcastle Bridgend Castle

Has been described as a Possible Timber Castle (Other/Unknown), and also as a Possible Masonry Castle

There are major building remains

NameNewcastle Bridgend Castle
Alternative NamesCastelle Newith, Penbont; Castro Novo
Historic CountryGlamorgan
Modern AuthorityBridgend
1974 AuthorityMid Glamorgan
CommunityBridgend

Newcastle castle was established by 1106, but the present structures date to 1180's. Its final occupation appears to have been late in the sixteenth century. Ownership passed through the Turberville, Berkerolle and Gamage families and in 1718 it was bought by Samuel Edwin of Llanmihangel Place and later became part of Dunraven estate. The site is a sub-circular enclosure, describing an irregular polygon, c.42.5m north-south by 38m, defined by ruins of a stone curtain with projecting square towers and a finely finished late Romanesque gate. Raised entirely in ashlar, the outer arch has a rounded head with roll moulding and capitals. The composition frames a recessed segmental inner arch with roll mouldings which alternate with sunken rectangular panels containing strips of pellets. The whole site was originally ditched, except where it rests on steep natural slopes to the east. There are scanty remains of internal buildings. (Coflein)

On an elevated site to N of St Illtyd's Parish Church.

Founded by 1106, rebuilt later C12 with late C16 additions. Passed through Turberville, Berkerolle and Gamage families, in 1718 bought by Samuel Edwin of Llanmihangel Place and later part of Dunraven estate.

Polygonal plan; curtain wall with W and S towers and natural defence of cliff to E. Sutton stone; coursed rubble facing stones, some removed or lost particularly to E. S side retains substantial amounts of masonry; rectangular tower with 2-light windows with voussoir relieving arches; flanked by fine raised gateway c1175/80, the most complete of its kind in Glamorgan. Blind tympanum between semicircular and segmental arches, the latter billet moulded as are the jambs beside Romanesque shafts carrying roll moulding. Remains of the keep to W and footings of the hall range to E

(Listed Building Report)

Initially a Norman castle, the site appears to have been refortified by Henry II in the 1180s, as indicated by the exceptional quality of the masonry. (CADW)

The castle's most outstanding feature is its complete Norman doorway, which greets the visitor approaching the castle from the south. It is late C12, contemporary with the curtain wall. On the inside it is quite plain, but the outside is given fine decorative treatment. A courtyard castle, roughly circular in plan, with two mural towers built into the curtain wall on the south and west sides. The curtain wall, which was built in straight sections, is impressive and stands to its full height on the west side. (Whittle)

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law

This is a Grade 2* listed building protected by law

Historic Wales CADW listed database record number
The National Monument Record (Coflein) number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceSS902800
Latitude51.5089302062988
Longitude-3.58315992355347
Eastings290220
Northings180070
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Books

  • Kenyon, John, 2010, The Medieval Castles of Wales (University of Wales Press) p. 97-98
  • Morgan, Gerald, 2008, Castles in Wales: A Handbook (Talybont: Y Lolfa Cyf.) p. 151-3
  • Pettifer, Adrian, 2000, Welsh Castles, A Guide by Counties (Boydell Press) p. 101
  • Reid, Alan, 1998, Castles of Wales (John Jones Publishing) p. 110
  • Whittle, E., 1992, A Guide to Ancient and Historic Wales, Glamorgan and Gwent (London: Cadw HMSO)
  • < >RCAHMW, 1991, An Inventory of the Ancient Monuments in Glamorgan Vol. 3 Part 1a: The Early Castles (London: HMSO) < > EM3 p. 326-36
  • Salter, Mike, 1991, The Castles of Gwent, Glamorgan and Gower (Malvern) p. 58
  • King, D.J.C., 1983, Castellarium Anglicanum (London: Kraus) Vol. 1 p. 161
  • Davis, Paul R., 1983, Castles of Glamorgan (Alun Books) p. 34-5
  • Fry, P.S., 1980, Castles of the British Isles (David and Charles) p. 367-8
  • Renn, D.F., 1973 (2 edn.), Norman Castles of Britain (London: John Baker) p. 253-4, 269
  • Butler, L.A.S.,1971, in Pugh, T.B. (ed), Glamorgan County History Vol. 3 The Middle Ages (Cardiff) p. 385, Plate XX
  • Hague, D.B., 1971, in Pugh, T.B. (ed), Glamorgan County History Vol. 3 The Middle Ages (Cardiff) p. 432
  • Colvin, H.M., Brown, R.Allen and Taylor, A.J., 1963, The history of the King's Works Vol. 2: the Middle Ages (London: HMSO) p. 650-1
  • Randall, Henry John, 1961, The Vale of Glamorgan, Studies in Landscape and History (Newport: R.H.Johns Ltd) p. 78
  • Armitage, Ella, 1912, The Early Norman Castles of the British Isles (London: John Murray) p. 295 online copy
  • Lewis, Samual, 1849, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales online copy [online copy > http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=47873#s3]

Antiquarian

  • Toulmin-Smith, Lucy (ed), 1906, Leland's Itinerary in Wales  (Bell and Sons; London) p. 29 online copy

Journals

  • Spurgeon, Jack, 1987, 'The Castles of Glamorgan' Château Gaillard Vol. 13 p. 211-2
  • Knight, J.K., 1983, ‘Newcastle Bridgend’ 130th annual meeting, Vale of Glamorgan, 1983: programme, CAA p. 19
  • Hogg, A.H.A. and King, D.J.C., 1967, 'Masonry castles in Wales and the Marches: a list' Archaeologia Cambrensis Vol. 116 p. 71-132
  • Hogg, A.H.A. and King, D.J.C., 1963, 'Early castles in Wales and the Marches: a preliminary list' Archaeologia Cambrensis Vol. 112 p. 77-124
  • Brown, R, Allen, 1959, 'A List of Castles, 1154–1216' English Historical Review Vol. 74 p. 249-280 (Reprinted in Brown, R. Allen, 1989, Castles, conquest and charters: collected papers (Woodbridge: Boydell Press) p. 90-121) view online copy (subscription required)
  • Clark, G.T., 1867, 'Mediaeval military architecture in England' The Archaeological Journal Vol. 24 p. 92-109, 319-39 esp. 335 online copy

Guide Books

  • Kenyon, John R. and Spurgeon, Jack, 2001, Coity Castle–Ogmore Castle–Newcastle (Cardiff: CADW)
  • O'Neil, B.H.St J. and Randall, H.J., 1949, Newcastle Castle (HMSO)

Primary Sources

  • The Great Roll of the Pipe for the thirty-second year of the reign of King Henry II A.D. 1185-1186 (Pipe Roll Society 36) p. 7-8
  • Clark, G.N., 1910 (2edn), Cartae et alia Munimenta quae ad Glamorgancia pertinent (Cardiff) Vol. 1 p. 21, 39
  • Round, J.H. (ed), 1899, Calendar of Documents Preserved in France (London: HMSO) Vol. 1 (A.D. 918-1206) p. 404-5 online copy
  • 1906, Calendar of Patent Rolls Henry III (1232-47) Vol. 3 p. 6 online copy