Loughor Castle

Has been described as a Certain Timber Castle (Ringwork), and also as a Certain Masonry Castle

There are masonry ruins/remnants remains

NameLoughor Castle
Alternative NamesAberllwchwr; Casllwchwr; Lochor; Castell Llychwr
Historic CountryGlamorgan
Modern AuthoritySwansea
1974 AuthorityWest Glamorgan
CommunityLlwchwr

Loughor Castle lies within the eastern angle of a Roman military enclosure. The earliest medieval remains appear to be a primary ring bank constructed between 1106 and 1151. In the second half of the twelfth century the bank was extended inwards and two stone buildings were raised in the late twelfth to early thirteenth century. The main curtain wall was added in the later part of the thirteenth century. In the late thirteenth century the square tower that is the prominent survival on the site today was inserted into the curtain wall. (Coflein)

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law

Not Listed

The National Monument Record (Coflein) number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceSS564979
Latitude51.6621894836426
Longitude-4.07740020751953
Eastings256420
Northings197980
HyperLink HyperLink HyperLink
Copyright Dave Barlow of Abaroths World All Rights Reserved
Copyright Dave Barlow of Abaroths World All Rights Reserved
Copyright Dave Barlow of Abaroths World All Rights Reserved
Copyright Dave Barlow of Abaroths World All Rights Reserved
Copyright Dave Barlow of Abaroths World All Rights Reserved
Copyright Dave Barlow of Abaroths World All Rights Reserved
Copyright Dave Barlow of Abaroths World All Rights Reserved
Copyright Dave Barlow of Abaroths World All Rights Reserved
Copyright Dave Barlow of Abaroths World All Rights Reserved
Copyright Dave Barlow of Abaroths World All Rights Reserved
Copyright Dave Barlow of Abaroths World All Rights Reserved
Copyright Dave Barlow of Abaroths World All Rights Reserved
Copyright Dave Barlow of Abaroths World All Rights Reserved
Copyright Dave Barlow of Abaroths World All Rights Reserved
Copyright Dave Barlow of Abaroths World All Rights Reserved

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Books

  • Kenyon, John, 2010, The Medieval Castles of Wales (University of Wales Press) p. 124-125
  • Morgan, Gerald, 2008, Castles in Wales: A Handbook (Talybont: Y Lolfa Cyf.) p. 147-9
  • Pettifer, Adrian, 2000, Welsh Castles, A Guide by Counties (Boydell Press) p. 99
  • Higham, R. and Barker, P., 1992, Timber Castles (Batsford) p. 359
  • < >RCAHMW, 1991, An Inventory of the Ancient Monuments in Glamorgan Vol. 3 Part 1a: The Early Castles (London: HMSO) < > MR4 p. 265-74
  • Salter, Mike, 1991, The Castles of Gwent, Glamorgan and Gower (Malvern) p. 65
  • Reid, Alan, 1998, Castles of Wales (John Jones Publishing) p. 103
  • King, D.J.C., 1983, Castellarium Anglicanum (London: Kraus) Vol. 1 p. 166
  • Davis, Paul R., 1983, Castles of Glamorgan (Alun Books) p. 7
  • Fry, P.S., 1980, Castles of the British Isles (David and Charles) p. 364
  • Renn, D.F., 1973 (2 edn.), Norman Castles of Britain (London: John Baker) p. 231-2
  • Hague, D.B., 1971, in Pugh, T.B. (ed), Glamorgan County History Vol. 3 The Middle Ages (Cardiff) p. 443
  • Grenfell, Harold E. and Morris, Bernard, 1970 (Revised 1985) The Castles of Gower (Merthyr Tydfil) p. 13
  • Armitage, Ella, 1912, The Early Norman Castles of the British Isles (London: John Murray) p. 298 online copy
  • Morgan, W. Ll., 1899, Antiquarian Survey of East Gower (London) p. 24-5
  • Lewis, Samual, 1849, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales online copy

Journals

  • Kenyon, John R., 1996, 'Fluctuating Frontiers: Normanno-Welsh Castle Warfare c. 1075 to 1240' Château Gaillard Vol. 17 p. 119-126
  • Lewis, J.M., 1993, 'Excavations at Loughor Castle, West Glamorgan, 1969-73' Archaeologia Cambrensis Vol. 142 p. 99-181
  • Lewis, J.M., 1980, 'Loughor Castle' Programme of the 127th Annual Meeting CAA p. 33-35
  • Lewis, J.M., 1974, 'Recent excavations at Loughor Castle (South Wales)' Château Gaillard Vol. 7 p. 147-57
  • Lewis, J.M., 1973, 'Archaeological notes: Loughor Castle' Morgannwg Vol. 17 p. 60-2 online copy
  • (Lewis), 1972, Medieval Archaeology Vol. 16 p. 183-4 download copy
  • Ling, 1971, Archaeology in Wales Vol. 9 p. 26
  • (Lewis), 1970, Medieval Archaeology Vol. 14 p. 180 download copy
  • Hogg, A.H.A. and King, D.J.C., 1967, 'Masonry castles in Wales and the Marches: a list' Archaeologia Cambrensis Vol. 116 p. 71-132
  • Hogg, A.H.A. and King, D.J.C., 1963, 'Early castles in Wales and the Marches: a preliminary list' Archaeologia Cambrensis Vol. 112 p. 77-124
  • Brown, R, Allen, 1959, 'A List of Castles, 1154–1216' English Historical Review Vol. 74 p. 249-280 (Reprinted in Brown, R. Allen, 1989, Castles, conquest and charters: collected papers (Woodbridge: Boydell Press) p. 90-121) view online copy (subscription required)

Guide Books

  • Williams, Diane M., 1998, Gower: A guide to ancient and historic monuments on the Gower peninsule (Cardiff: CADW)

Primary Sources

  • Brut y Tywysogion 1151, 1215 (Several transcriptions and translations exist the best being Jones, T., 1952, Brut Y Twysogion (University of Wales, History and Law series 11)–based on the Peniarth MS 20 version. There is a flawed translation Williams ab Ithel, John, 1860, Brut Y Twysogion or The Chronicle of the Princes (Rolls Series) online copy)
  • Williams (ab Ithel), John, (ed), 1860, Annales Cambriae (444 – 1288) (London: Longman, Green, Longman, and Roberts)1151 online copy
  • Giraldus Cambrensis, c.1183, Description of Wales view online transcription
  • Clark, G.T., 1910 (2edn), Cartae et alia munimenta quae ad dominium de Glamorgancia pertinent Vol. 4 p. 1391 online copy
  • Rickard, John, 2002, The Castle Community. The Personnel of English and Welsh Castles, 1272-1422 (Boydell Press) (lists sources for 1272-1422) p. 209