Egwys Cross Motte

Has been described as a Certain Timber Castle (Motte)

There are earthwork remains

NameEgwys Cross Motte
Alternative NamesEglwys Cross, Mount Cop Castle; Tybroughton
Historic CountryFlintshire
Modern AuthorityWrexham
1974 AuthorityClwyd
CommunityBronington

A ditched mound, c.54m N-S by 47m and c.3.0m high, findspot for Roman coins. APs show a counterscarp on the N and W of the motte ditch, as well as a rectangular ditched enclosure, c.30-40m across, abutting on the E, a return for its ditch being depicted on OS County Series (1881), which shows a conifer clump and an OS trig. pillar on the motte top. (Coflein)

Round topped motte adapted from an EW ridge by the cutting of a strong ditch. It measures 54m NS 47m EW and rises 5m above the bottom of the 2m deep ditch. Poss fragmentary bailey remains to se of mound. Large turf-covered mound and encircling ditch. Base of mound measures 48m W-E and 49.5m N-S. The ditch bottom is between 3.8-4.5m below the top of the mound. Ditch has a counterscarp bank which is particularly prominent on the W and N sides and up to 2m above the ditch bottom. It is not visible on the E side. Indications of terraces east of the mound may be the results of quarrying, or are perhaps the remains of the bailey, truncated by the road. 3 hollows on the south side of the mound may have been designed to increase the difficulty of access (Lee, M H, 1877,271). (Clwyd Powys Archaeological Trust HER)

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law

Not Listed

The National Monument Record (Coflein) number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceSJ470409
Latitude52.9633598327637
Longitude-2.78994011878967
Eastings347030
Northings340960
HyperLink HyperLink HyperLink
Copyright Dave Barlow of Abaroths World All Rights Reserved
Copyright Dave Barlow of Abaroths World All Rights Reserved
Copyright Eirian Evans and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons license.

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Books

  • Morgan, Gerald, 2008, Castles in Wales: A Handbook (Talybont: Y Lolfa Cyf.) p. 238 (listed)
  • Salter, Mike, 1997, The Castles of North Wales (Malvern) p. 87 (slight)
  • Higham, R. and Barker, P., 1992, Timber Castles (Batsford) p. 212
  • King, D.J.C., 1983, Castellarium Anglicanum (London: Kraus) Vol. 1 p. 154
  • Davies, E., 1949, Prehistoric and Roman Remains of Flint (Cardiff)
  • RCAHMW, 1912, An inventory of the Ancient Monuments of Flintshire (HMSO) p. 114 no. 352 online copy

Journals

  • Hogg, A.H.A. and King, D.J.C., 1963, 'Early castles in Wales and the Marches: a preliminary list' Archaeologia Cambrensis Vol. 112 p. 77-124
  • Lee, M.H., 1877, 'Maelor Saesneg' Archaeologia Cambrensis Vol. 32 p. 271 online copy