Egwys Cross Motte

Has been described as a Certain Timber Castle (Motte)

There are earthwork remains

NameEgwys Cross Motte
Alternative NamesEglwys Cross, Mount Cop Castle; Tybroughton
Historic CountryFlintshire
Modern AuthorityWrexham
1974 AuthorityClwyd

A ditched mound, c.54m N-S by 47m and c.3.0m high, findspot for Roman coins. APs show a counterscarp on the N and W of the motte ditch, as well as a rectangular ditched enclosure, c.30-40m across, abutting on the E, a return for its ditch being depicted on OS County Series (1881), which shows a conifer clump and an OS trig. pillar on the motte top. (Coflein)

Round topped motte adapted from an EW ridge by the cutting of a strong ditch. It measures 54m NS 47m EW and rises 5m above the bottom of the 2m deep ditch. Poss fragmentary bailey remains to se of mound. Large turf-covered mound and encircling ditch. Base of mound measures 48m W-E and 49.5m N-S. The ditch bottom is between 3.8-4.5m below the top of the mound. Ditch has a counterscarp bank which is particularly prominent on the W and N sides and up to 2m above the ditch bottom. It is not visible on the E side. Indications of terraces east of the mound may be the results of quarrying, or are perhaps the remains of the bailey, truncated by the road. 3 hollows on the south side of the mound may have been designed to increase the difficulty of access (Lee, M H, 1877,271). (Clwyd Powys Archaeological Trust HER)

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law

Not Listed

The National Monument Record (Coflein) number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceSJ470409
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Copyright Dave Barlow of Abaroths World All Rights Reserved
Copyright Eirian Evans and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons license.

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  • Morgan, Gerald, 2008, Castles in Wales: A Handbook (Talybont: Y Lolfa Cyf.) p. 238 (listed)
  • Salter, Mike, 1997, The Castles of North Wales (Malvern) p. 87 (slight)
  • Higham, R. and Barker, P., 1992, Timber Castles (Batsford) p. 212
  • King, D.J.C., 1983, Castellarium Anglicanum (London: Kraus) Vol. 1 p. 154
  • Davies, E., 1949, Prehistoric and Roman Remains of Flint (Cardiff)
  • RCAHMW, 1912, An inventory of the Ancient Monuments of Flintshire (HMSO) p. 114 no. 352 online copy


  • Hogg, A.H.A. and King, D.J.C., 1963, 'Early castles in Wales and the Marches: a preliminary list' Archaeologia Cambrensis Vol. 112 p. 77-124
  • Lee, M.H., 1877, 'Maelor Saesneg' Archaeologia Cambrensis Vol. 32 p. 271 online copy