Bryn y Cwn Motte, Flint

Has been described as a Possible Timber Castle (Motte)

There are earthwork remains

NameBryn y Cwn Motte, Flint
Alternative NamesPlas yn Balls; Bryn-cwn; Bryn y cwm
Historic CountryFlintshire
Modern AuthorityFlintshire
1974 AuthorityClwyd
CommunityFlint

Bryn-y-Cwn is a large earthwork motte and partially surviving counterscarp bank located about 1 mile north of Flint. The site consists of a tree-clad circular mound, c.55m in diameter and 8.0-12m high, with a summit diameter of 16m, set upon the N end of a spur, ditched to the S. The location of the bailey (if any) has been lost. There is no recorded history for the castle, although possibly it is the site 'palisaded' in 1244 (see Hen Blas as alternative site for this work). Its proximity to the castle at Flint may be an indication that Bryn-y-Cwn Castle served as an outpost or support site for this larger castle nearby. (Dervived from Coflein)

The monument comprises the remains of a motte and bailey castle, a military stronghold built during the medieval period. A motte and bailey castle comprises a large conical or pyramidal mound of soil or stone (the motte) surrounded by, or adjacent to, one or more embanked enclosures (the bailey). Both may be surrounded by wet or dry ditches and could be further strengthened with palisades, revetments, and/or a tower on top of the motte. The motte is roughly circular and stands to a height of 30ft with a flattened top, which measures 90ft in diameter. The ditch on west side rises 15ft to the counterscarp and on the south side of motte, a spur of high ground runs south. This is separated from the field to the west by the ditch which measures 15ft deep with a small stream at the bottom, and from the field to the east by a wide ditch rising 10ft to field boundary. (Scheduling Report)

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law

Not Listed

The National Monument Record (Coflein) number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceSJ238714
Latitude53.2344703674316
Longitude-3.14271998405457
Eastings323830
Northings371440
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Bryn-Y-Cum 1200 1

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Bryn-Y-Cum 1200 2

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Bryn-Y-Cum 1200 3

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Bryn-Y-Cum 1200 4

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Bryn-Y-Cum 1200 5

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Books

  • Morgan, Gerald, 2008, Castles in Wales: A Handbook (Talybont: Y Lolfa Cyf.) p. 238 (listed)
  • Pettifer, Adrian, 2000, Welsh Castles, A Guide by Counties (Boydell Press) p. 80
  • Salter, Mike, 1997, The Castles of North Wales (Malvern) p. 87 (slight)
  • Manley, J., Grenter, S. and Gale, F., 1991, The Archaeology of Clwyd
  • King, D.J.C., 1983, Castellarium Anglicanum (London: Kraus) Vol. 1 p. 153
  • Davies, E., 1949, Prehistoric and Roman Remains of Flint (Cardiff)
  • RCAHMW, 1912, An inventory of the Ancient Monuments of Flintshire (HMSO) p. 25 no. 86 online copy

Journals

  • Swallow, Rachel, 2016, 'Cheshire Castles of the Irish Sea Cultural Zone' The Archaeological Journal Vol. 173.2 p. 288-341
  • Hogg, A.H.A. and King, D.J.C., 1963, 'Early castles in Wales and the Marches: a preliminary list' Archaeologia Cambrensis Vol. 112 p. 77-124
  • Jones, H.L., 1854, 'List of the Pre-Historic Remains of Wales - arranged according to Counties. No. I.' Archaeologia Cambrensis Vol. 9 p. 86 online copy