Castell Gwallter, Geneu'r Glyn

Has been described as a Certain Timber Castle (Motte)

There are earthwork remains

NameCastell Gwallter, Geneu'r Glyn
Alternative NamesCastell Gwalter; Penweddig; Pengwern; Penwedic; Pennedich; Llanfihangel Geneur Glyn; Castell Walter; Gaer Brynhir; Castell Penwedig; Chastell Gwalter
Historic CountryCardiganshire
Modern AuthorityCeredigion
1974 AuthorityDyfed
CommunityGeneu'r Glyn

Castell Gwallter is a medieval castle represented by the earthworks of its motte or castle mound, and of its various baileys or courts. The castle was established by the Anglo-Normans in about 1110 and was the centre for the lordship of Geneu'r-glyn commote. It was destroyed in 1135 and is last heard of in 1153. It may have been replaced by Domen Las, the castle of Abereinion (see NPRN 303600). The castle mound is a ditched and counterscarped, circular flat-topped mound, 32-33m in diameter and about 4.5m high. It would have been crowned by a great timber tower with a strong breastwork on the counterscarp. There is a small ditched and banked bailey or court on the north side. This is about 38m north-south by 28m, and would have been the site of the lordly hall and associated offices. There are indications of a much larger court on the east side of the motte. This is roughly rectangular with rounded corners, roughly 80-100m east-west by 126-135m, and is defined largely by scarps. Such a large enclosure would suit the dignity of the main castle of a lordship and would have accommodated assemblies of lesser lords. (Coflein)

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law

Not Listed

The National Monument Record (Coflein) number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceSN621867
Latitude52.4614295959473
Longitude-4.0300498008728
Eastings262170
Northings286780
HyperLink HyperLink HyperLink
Copyright Chris Denny and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons license.
Copyright Chris Denny and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons license.

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Books

  • Morgan, Gerald, 2008, Castles in Wales: A Handbook (Talybont: Y Lolfa Cyf.) p. 234 (listed)
  • Pettifer, Adrian, 2000, Welsh Castles, A Guide by Counties (Boydell Press) p. 40
  • Davis, Paul, 2000, A Company of Forts. A Guide to the Medieval Castles of West Wales (Gomer Press) p. 29, 44
  • Reid, Alan, 1998, Castles of Wales (John Jones Publishing) p. 53
  • Salter, Mike, 1996, The Castles of South West Wales (Malvern) p. 23
  • King, D.J.C., 1983, Castellarium Anglicanum (London: Kraus) Vol. 1 p. 45, 49
  • Renn, D.F., 1973 (2 edn.), Norman Castles of Britain (London: John Baker) p. 136
  • Owen, Henry (ed), 1936, The Description of Pembrokeshire (London) Vol. 4 p. 489
  • Armitage, Ella, 1912, The Early Norman Castles of the British Isles (London: John Murray) p. 282 online copy
  • Lewis, Samual, 1849, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales online copy

Journals

  • Wiles, John, 2012-13, 'A note on the two castles of Genau'r-glyn Ceredigion' Castle Studies Group Journal Vol. 26 p. 190-195
  • Kenyon, John R., 1996, 'Fluctuating Frontiers: Normanno-Welsh Castle Warfare c. 1075 to 1240' Château Gaillard Vol. 17 p. 119-126
  • Spurgeon, C.J., 1977, ‘Castell Gwalter’ 124th Annual Meeting in Aberystwyth, South Montgomery and North Radnor, 1977, CAA p. 15-16
  • Hogg, A.H.A. and King, D.J.C., 1963, 'Early castles in Wales and the Marches: a preliminary list' Archaeologia Cambrensis Vol. 112 p. 77-124
  • King, D.J.C., 1956, 'The Castles of Cardiganshire' Ceredigion Vol. 3 p. 62 no. 20 online copy
  • O'Neil, 1946-7, Archaeologia Cambrensis Vol. 99 p. 156-7
  • Wright, 1912, Aberystwyth Studies Vol. 1 p. 115-25

Primary Sources

  • Brut y Tywysogion 1136, 1151 (Several transcriptions and translations exist the best being Jones, T., 1952, Brut Y Twysogion (University of Wales, History and Law series 11)–based on the Peniarth MS 20 version. There is a flawed translation Williams ab Ithel, John, 1860, Brut Y Twysogion or The Chronicle of the Princes (Rolls Series) online copy and Owen, Aneurin (ed), 1864, 'Brut y Tywysogion' Archaeologia Cambrensis Vol. 19 supplement p. 124-5 [online copy > http://archive.org/stream/brutytywysogiong00cararich#page/124/mode/2up])
  • Johnson, C. and Cronne, H.A. (eds), 1956, Regesta Regum Anglo-Normannorum, 1066–1154 Vol. 3 Regesta Henrici Primi 1100-1135 p. 113 no. 1041 online copy