Trecastle Motte

Has been described as a Certain Timber Castle (Motte)

There are earthwork remains

NameTrecastle Motte
Alternative NamesCastle Tump, Trecastle; Trecastle Castle; Castell Trecastell
Historic CountryBrecknockshire
Modern AuthorityPowys
1974 AuthorityPowys
CommunityLlywel

A large motte and bailey earthwork castle, set on a commanding position above the village. The motte is a steep-sided, flat-topped mound, oval in plan, 50m by 38m overall and 6.6m high. The summit is about 24m by 16m. The bailey, on the south-west side of the motte, was at least 56m by 40m. Its southern side is obscured by the modern road. Both motte and bailey were ditched and counterscarped. Similar earthwork castles in Wales date to the twelfth century, or the earlier part of the thirteenth century. The absence of any visible stonework suggests that the castle did not retain its importance beyond that period. (Coflein)

This is the best preserved motte and bailey castle in Breconshire. An oval tree-clad motte 6m high occupied the east half of a bailey platform 115m long by 45m wide. Circumstantial evidence suggests the castle was built by Bernard de Newmarch c1095 and fell to a Welsh attack sometime between 1121 and 1136. It was probably then abandoned although possibly rebuilt in the 1150s by Walter Clifford. (Salter)

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law

Not Listed

The National Monument Record (Coflein) number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceSN882291
Latitude51.9494400024414
Longitude-3.62709999084473
Eastings288240
Northings229120
HyperLink HyperLink HyperLink
Copyright Philip Halling and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons license.

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Books

  • Morgan, Gerald, 2008, Castles in Wales: A Handbook (Talybont: Y Lolfa Cyf.) p. 232 (listed)
  • Salter, Mike, 2001, The Castles of Mid Wales (Malvern) p. 33
  • Pettifer, Adrian, 2000, Welsh Castles, A Guide by Counties (Boydell Press) p. 15
  • Remfry, Paul, 1998, Castles of Breconshire (Logaston Press)
  • Reid, Alan, 1998, Castles of Wales (John Jones Publishing) p. 56
  • Burnham, H., 1995, A Guide to Ancient and Historic Wales: Clwyd and Powys (Cadw, London)
  • King, D.J.C., 1983, Castellarium Anglicanum (London: Kraus) Vol. 1 p. 21
  • Hamilton Thompson, A., 1912, Military Architecture in England during the Middle Ages (London) p. 44
  • Lewis, Samual, 1849, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales online copy

Antiquarian

  • Toulmin-Smith, Lucy (ed), 1906, Leland's Itinerary in Wales  (Bell and Sons; London) p. 112 online copy

Journals

  • Hogg, A.H.A. and King, D.J.C., 1963, 'Early castles in Wales and the Marches: a preliminary list' Archaeologia Cambrensis Vol. 112 p. 77-124
  • King, D.J.C., 1961, ‘The castles of Breconshire’ Brycheiniog Vol. 7 p. 92-3 no. 36 online copy

Other

  • Silvester, R.J. and Dorling, P.J., 1993, Historic settlements in the Brecon Beacons National Park (CPAT report)