Hay Tump

Has been described as a Certain Timber Castle (Motte)

There are earthwork remains

NameHay Tump
Alternative NamesHay-on-Wye Motte; Gelli; Tregelli; Swan Hotel; castello de haia; La Haie Taillee
Historic CountryBrecknockshire
Modern AuthorityPowys
1974 AuthorityPowys
CommunityHay

Hay Tump is a circular, flat-topped mound, 38m in diameter and 4.7m high, having a summit diameter of 21m, set immediately across Login Brooke from St Mary's church. The summit was disturbed for civil defence - WWII. (Coflein)

Gatehouse Comments

Usually suggested as precursor to Hay Castle, but Remfry writes may have been a separate castle occupied simultaneously with Hay Castle; He writes "The manor of Melinog, a part of Hay fee mentioned 1115... remained independent of the main Hay castle throughout the medieval period and the same may be true of this motte." Possibly the site of the 'castello de haia' which is mentioned in 1121, although Remfry says this is Hay Castle. It was probably built by William Revel, one of Bernard de Newmarch's knights.

- Philip Davis

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law

Not Listed

The National Monument Record (Coflein) number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceSO226421
Latitude52.0726699829102
Longitude-3.12984991073608
Eastings322650
Northings242190
HyperLink HyperLink HyperLink
Copyright Pauline Eccles and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons license.

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Books

  • Morgan, Gerald, 2008, Castles in Wales: A Handbook (Talybont: Y Lolfa Cyf.) p. 232 (listed)
  • Salter, Mike, 2001, The Castles of Mid Wales (Malvern) p. 27
  • Pettifer, Adrian, 2000, Welsh Castles, A Guide by Counties (Boydell Press) p. 13
  • Clarke, K., 2000, The book of Hay (Almeley: Logaston Press) (espec chapter 1)
  • Reid, Alan, 1998, Castles of Wales (John Jones Publishing) p. 91
  • Remfry, Paul, 1998, Castles of Breconshire (Logaston Press) p. 117
  • Remfry, Paul, 1995, Hay on Wye Castle, 1066 to 1298 (Worcester: SCS)
  • King, D.J.C., 1983, Castellarium Anglicanum (London: Kraus) Vol. 1 p. 18
  • Fry, P.S., 1980, Castles of the British Isles (David and Charles) p. 358
  • Renn, D.F., 1973 (2 edn.), Norman Castles of Britain (London: John Baker) p. 202
  • Armitage, Ella S., 1912, The Early Norman Castles of the British Isles (London) p. 291
  • Lewis, Samual, 1849, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales online copy

Antiquarian

  • Toulmin-Smith, Lucy (ed), 1906, Leland's Itinerary in Wales  (Bell and Sons; London) p. 74 online copy

Journals

  • Hogg, A.H.A. and King, D.J.C., 1963, 'Early castles in Wales and the Marches: a preliminary list' Archaeologia Cambrensis Vol. 112 p. 77-124
  • King, D.J.C., 1961, ‘The castles of Breconshire’ Brycheiniog Vol. 7 p. 88 no. 22 online copy
  • Renn, D.F., 1959, 'Mottes: a classification' Antiquity Vol. 33 p. 106-12 (listed as siegework)