Castell Dinas

Has been described as a Certain Timber Castle (Other/Unknown), and also as a Certain Masonry Castle

There are masonry footings remains

NameCastell Dinas
Alternative NamesBwlch y Ddinas; Castell Ddinas; Bwlch y Dinas; Bulkdinas; Bolkedynas; Waynards Castle
Historic CountryBrecknockshire
Modern AuthorityPowys
1974 AuthorityPowys

The complex of defensive earthworks at Castell Dinas cover an area c.363m by 280m and represent the remains of an extensive masonry castle constructed over the site of an Iron Age enclosure (King 1961, 77-8; Kay 1964; RCAHMW 1986, 96-9). The castle is thought to have been constructed in the later twelfth century as it is first mentioned in 1234. It is described in a survey of 1337 (Walker 1999) and is thought to have passed out of use thereafter. Leyland reported that the castle had been destroyed in the reign of Henry IV. (Coflein)

Castle comprising curtain wall defining two wards and enclosed a keep c30m by 12m. All much ruined. Built within and utilising Iron Age hillfort (PRN 50422) defences. Castle remains are largely inside the northern half of the hillfort's inner enclosure. Used same entrance as earlier hillfort. Part of gatehouse survives, with 3 sides standing up to 1m high. Halfway along the west side, and at the north end of the enclosure are 2 mounds which are presumably the remains of towers of the curtain wall which ran along the top of the inner rampart (Cadw 1998). (Clwyd Powys Archaeological Trust HER)

Gatehouse Comments

This was a sizeable masonry castle but, as so often in this part of Wales, the poor quality of local mortar has meant time has left only a sad pile of rubble as testament to its past.

- Philip Davis

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law

Not Listed

The National Monument Record (Coflein) number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceSO178301
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Copyright Helen Hall All Rights Reserved
Copyright Helen Hall All Rights Reserved
Copyright Helen Hall All Rights Reserved
Copyright Helen Hall All Rights Reserved
Copyright Helen Hall All Rights Reserved
Copyright Helen Hall All Rights Reserved

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  • Davis, Paul, R., 2011, The Forgotten Castles of Wales (Almeley: Logaston Press) p. 82-86
  • Kenyon, John, 2010, The Medieval Castles of Wales (University of Wales Press) p. 112
  • Morgan, Gerald, 2008, Castles in Wales: A Handbook (Talybont: Y Lolfa Cyf.) p. 231 (listed)
  • Remfry, P.M., 2007, Castell Bwlch y Dinas and the families of Neufmarché, Hereford, Braose, Fitz Herbert, Mortimer and Talbot (Castle Studies Research & Publishing)
  • Salter, Mike, 2001, The Castles of Mid Wales (Malvern) p. 21
  • Pettifer, Adrian, 2000, Welsh Castles, A Guide by Counties (Boydell Press) p. 12
  • Remfry, Paul, 1998, Castles of Breconshire (Logaston Press) p. 154-161 (plan)
  • Reid, Alan, 1998, Castles of Wales (John Jones Publishing) p. 50
  • King, D.J.C., 1983, Castellarium Anglicanum (London: Kraus) Vol. 1 p. 18
  • Fry, P.S., 1980, Castles of the British Isles (David and Charles) p. 327
  • Renn, D.F., 1973 (2 edn.), Norman Castles of Britain (London: John Baker) p. 126
  • Downman, E.A., 1916, Ancient Earthworks in Radnorshire
  • Lewis, Samual, 1849, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales online copy [online copy >]



  • Walker, 1999, 'Bwlchyddinas Castle, Breconshire, and the survey of 1337' Brycheiniog Vol. 31 p. 19-30 online copy
  • Hogg, A.H.A. and King, D.J.C., 1967, 'Masonry castles in Wales and the Marches: a list' Archaeologia Cambrensis Vol. 116 p. 71-132
  • Kay, 1964, Brycheiniog Vol. 10 p. 15-27
  • Kay, Richard E., 1964, 'Castell Dinas Parish of Talgarth, Brecknockshire' Brycheiniog Vol. 10 p. 15-27 online copy
  • Hogg, A.H.A. and King, D.J.C., 1963, 'Early castles in Wales and the Marches: a preliminary list' Archaeologia Cambrensis Vol. 112 p. 77-124
  • Kay, 1964, Brycheiniog p. 15-27
  • King, D.J.C., 1961, ‘The castles of Breconshire’ Brycheiniog Vol. 7 p. 77-8 no. 5 online copy
  • Lloyd, 1936, Archaeologia Cambrensis Vol. 91 p. 369-70

Primary Sources

  • Dugdale, William (Caley, J., Ellis, H. and Bandinel, B. (eds)), 1817-30 (originally pub. 1655-73), Monasticon Anglicanum (London) Vol. 3 p. 265b online copy
  • William ab Ithel (ed), 1860, Brut y Tywysogion Jesus MS 111 (Red Book of Hergest) 1233 online copy [Scan of original manuscript >]
  • Williams (ab Ithel), John, (ed), 1860, Annales Cambriae (444 – 1288) (London: Longman, Green, Longman, and Roberts)1233 online copy
  • Jones, T. (ed), 1948, 'Cronica de Wallia and other documents' Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies Vol. 12 p. 27-44 (1233)
  • Maxwell Lyte, H.C. (ed), 1895, Calendar of Close Rolls Edward II (1318-1323) Vol. 3 p. 415 view online copy (subscription required)
  • Rickard, John, 2002, The Castle Community. The Personnel of English and Welsh Castles, 1272-1422 (Boydell Press) (lists sources for 1272-1422) p. 1014-5
  • C145/129(18) (Survey of 1336) The National Archives reference (calendared in Maxwell Lyte, H.C., 1916, Calendar of Inquisitions Miscellaneous (Chancery), preserved in the Public Record Office (H.M.S.O.) Vol. 2 p. 364 No. 1492 [online copy >])