Buxton Tower

Has been described as a Possible Tower House

There are masonry ruins/remnants remains

NameBuxton Tower
Alternative NamesOld Hall Hotel; St Anne's Well
Historic CountryDerbyshire
Modern AuthorityDerbyshire
1974 AuthorityDerbyshire
Civil ParishBuxton

The earl of Shrewsbury constructed a tower house by 1572 beside the newly fashionable springs at Buxton. A smaller version of this structure also built by the earl in 1574, still survives at Sheffield Manor in Yorkshire. (Goodall, p. 459)

Town house, now hotel. 1572, altered 1672, rebuilt 1725-35, extended mid C18 and 1795-1805, with late C19 refenestration and C20 alterations. Originally built for the Earl and Countess of Shrewsbury. Ashlar gritstone and render with ashlar dressings and Welsh slate hipped roofs and stone stacks. INTERIOR: shows sections of original C16 building survive encased within later additions. Surviving features include 3 ft. thick original walling, exposed wall studding to basement, doorways with depressed arched lintels and chamfered and stopped surrounds, some re-used, concealed mullion windows; original plasterwork to first floor principal room with encased beam with rolled mouldings. Second floor has blocked 4-light mullioned and transomed windows (concealed). HISTORY: until recently it was believed that the 1572 building was demolished in 1670. The original building reputed to have been one of many houses belonging to the Earl of Shrewsbury used to imprison Mary Queen of Scots. (Listed Building Report)

Not scheduled

This is a Grade 2* listed building protected by law

Historic England Scheduled Monument Number
Historic England Listed Building number(s)
Images Of England
Historic England (PastScape) Defra or Monument number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceSK057734
HyperLink HyperLink HyperLink
Copyright Bernt Rostad and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons license.

Most of the sites or buildings recorded in this web site are NOT open to the public and permission to visit a site must always be sought from the landowner or tenant.

Calculate Print


  • Goodall, John, 2011, The English Castle 1066-1650 (Yale University Press) p. 459, 461, 470
  • Pevsner, N., 1979 (2edn), The Buildings of England: Derbyshire p. 114-15
  • Pevsner, N., 1953, The Buildings of England: Derbyshire p. 115



  • Thornes, R. and Leach, J., 1991, 'Buxton Old Hall: The Earl of Shrewsbury's Tower House rediscovered' Archaeological Journal Vol. 148 p. 256-268


  • Dave Barrett, Gill Stroud, 2009, Extensive Urban Survey - Derbyshire (English Heritage) Download copy
  • Thornes, R., 1989, The Old Hall Hotel, The Crescent, Buxton (RCHME Historic Building Report)