Two Lions Inn, Penrith

Has been described as a Possible Fortified Town House, and also as a Possible Pele Tower

There are masonry ruins/remnants remains

NameTwo Lions Inn, Penrith
Alternative NamesGerard Lowther's House; 'Dockray Hall'
Historic CountryCumberland
Modern AuthorityCumbria
1974 AuthorityCumbria
Civil ParishPenrith

Two Lions Public House and integral stables C17 and C18. Roughcast over stone, 2 low storeys. Old moulded doorway with 4-centred head and studded door, a 16-paned sash window on each floor, and an additional new window above. Added porch on right and gabled wing farther right. Another old doorway to left with shaped lintel, with stable and loft farther left. An ogee headed opening in passage to rear. Rear has blocked stone-mullioned window with label, re-used datestone. Stone stables with sashes. Fine plaster ceiling with heraldic shields of Lowther family. (Listed Building Report)

Two Lions Inn. Built circa 1500 with later alterations, formerly known as Bowling Green Inn and "Dockray Hall". (PastScape ref. 1947 List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest)

Solar block, hall, courtyard and gateway, drawbar and reinforced door.

Important transitional type of hall house and needs further investigation. Perhaps has similarities with Great Salkeld Rectory. (Perriam and Robinson 1998)

Gatehouse Comments

Recorded in PastScape as medieval (C16) fortified house. Perriam and Robinson call this, as an alternative name, Dockray Hall. They do not cite Taylor as a source who makes it clear this was not Dockray Hall, a building which is also an Inn, directly opposite. Other sources may have confabulated the two separate buildings.

- Philip Davis

Not scheduled

This is a Grade 2* listed building protected by law

Historic England Scheduled Monument Number
Historic England Listed Building number(s)
Images Of England
Historic England (PastScape) Defra or Monument number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceNY515299
Latitude54.662540435791
Longitude-2.75237989425659
Eastings351560
Northings529970
HyperLink HyperLink HyperLink
Photograph by Matthew Emmott. All rights reserved
Photograph by Matthew Emmott. All rights reserved
Photograph by Matthew Emmott. All rights reserved
Photograph by Matthew Emmott. All rights reserved
Photograph by Matthew Emmott. All rights reserved
Photograph by Matthew Emmott. All rights reserved
Photograph by Matthew Emmott. All rights reserved
Copyright Dave Barlow of Abaroths World All Rights Reserved
Copyright Dave Barlow of Abaroths World All Rights Reserved

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Books

  • Perriam, Denis and Robinson, John, 1998, The Medieval Fortified Buildings of Cumbria (Kendal: CWAAS Extra Series 29) p. 215 (plan)
  • Pevsner, Nikolaus, 1967, Buildings of England: Cumberland and Westmorland (Harmondsworth) p. 177
  • Taylor, M.W., 1892, Old Manorial Halls of Westmorland and Cumberland (Kendal: CWAAS Extra Series 8) p. 254-58 (plan) online copy

Journals

  • Davis, Philip, 2010-11, 'Crenellated town houses in Medieval England' Castle Studies Group Journal Vol. 24 p. 270-91 (mention)
  • Watson, G., 1901, 'Gerard Lowther's House, Penrith (Two Lions Inn): Its purchase by him, Descent, and Social Life associated with its subsequent Owners.' Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society Vol. 1 p. 94-103 online copy
  • Jackson, W., 1879, 'Gerard Lowther's House in Penrith, with some particulars of his life.' Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society Vol. 4.2 p. 410-19 (plan) online copy

Other

  • English Heritage, 2012, Heritage at Risk Register 2012 North West (London: English Heritage) p. 36 online copy
  • English Heritage, 2011, Heritage at Risk Register 2011 North West (London: English Heritage) p. 34 online copy
  • English Heritage, 2010, Heritage at Risk Register 2010 North West (London: English Heritage) p. 32 online copy
  • English Heritage, 2009, Heritage at Risk Register 2009 North West (London: English Heritage) p. 40 online copy
  • English Heritage, 2006, Extensive Urban Survey - Cumbria (Cumbria County Council) Download copy
  • Clare, T., 1982, A Report on Medieval Fortified Sites in Cumbria (Cumbria CC)