Carlisle Cathedral Church and Priory of St Mary
Has been described as a Possible Fortified Ecclesiastical site
There are major building remains
|Name||Carlisle Cathedral Church and Priory of St Mary
Carlisle Cathedral started life as the church to St Mary's Priory, a house of Augustinian Cannons, founded in 1122 by Henry I. In 1133, Henry I established the Diocese of Carlisle and the Priory Church as its Cathedral. The priory was dissolved in 1540 and a year later the Cathedral was re-founded, and re-dedicated to the Holy and Undivided Trinity.
The current building dates from the early 12th century with various rebuildings until the early 15th century, with alterations of 1652 to the west end; minor alterations of 1764, and 1846 (by Thomas Nelson), restorations of 1853-57 by Ewan Christian, and 1950s restoration. The oldest parts are constructed of mixed red and calciferous squared sandstone blocks; the remainder is red sandstone ashlar, heavily restored, on a chamfered plinth, with stepped buttresses carried up as pinnacles; string courses, dentilled cornices and solid parapets, battlemented on the tower. There are steeply pitched lead roofs, copper on the south transept and a flat roof on the tower.
The early 12th century nave was originally of seven bays but most of its was pulled down in 1645 and it now comprises two bays with a fragment of the third bay remaining as buttresses; the nave is aisled with a north vestry. The south transept is also of 12th century with a 13th century chantry chapel (dedicated to St Catherine) whilst the north transept is late 14th century and incorporates part of a 12th century structure (the original transept is thought to have been destroyed when the tower fell in 1380 during a great storm). The tower was rebuilt in the late 14th/early 15th century. In around 1500 the Prior's tower was built providing fortified accommodation for the prior. (PastScape)
This site is a scheduled monument protected by law
This is a Grade 1 listed building protected by law
Historic England Scheduled Monument Number
Historic England Listed Building number(s)
Images Of England
Historic England (PastScape) Defra or Monument number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
|OS Map Grid Reference||NY399559