Hampton Court Palace

Has been described as a Certain Palace (Bishop/Royal)

There are cropmark/slight earthwork remains

NameHampton Court Palace
Alternative Names
Historic CountryLondon and Middlesex
Modern AuthorityLondon Borough of Richmond upon Thames
1974 AuthorityGreater London
Civil ParishTeddington And Hampton

The Royal Palace of Hampton Court was originally built as the residence of Cardinal Wolsey in 1514. The site was first owned by The Knights Hospitallers of St John Jerusalem in 1236 who built a grange. In 1494 the lands were leased to the royal courtier Giles Daubeney who built a private house. This house was transformed in 1514 by Wolsey into a grand palace and his official residence. However after his downfall the palace was acquired by Henry VIII in 1529. Between 1529 and 1540 Henry VIII made extensive alterations to the palace including rebuilding the great hall, remodelling the chapel and building the chapel court, adding side wings to the west façade and extending the kitchens. He also built tennis courts, a bowling alley and a tiltyard. The privy kitchens were added by Queen Elizabeth I, but it was not until the reign of William III in 1689 when a large scale rebuilding programme was carried out (1689-94). Following designs by Christopher Wren the Fountain Court (replacing the earlier Tudor Cloister Court), the Green Court and the Colonnade in Clock Court were all built. Various alterations were carried out in the early 18th century including the redecoration of the old Tudor range between the Clock and Fountain Court and the completion of the King's and Queen's Apartments with the redecoration of the Queen's Staircase. Hampton Court and its gardens are open to the public and it remains one of the most iconic buildings of the Tudor period. (PastScape)

Hampton Court, Greater London was leased to Thomas Wolsey (c. 1475-1530), the Archbishop of York, in 1514 but was otherwise unconnected to the archdiocese. (Payne)

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law

This is a Grade 1 listed building protected by law

Historic England Scheduled Monument Number
Historic England Listed Building number(s)
Images Of England
Historic England (PastScape) Defra or Monument number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceTQ157687
Latitude51.4034690856934
Longitude-0.338910013437271
Eastings515720
Northings168720
HyperLink HyperLink HyperLink
Copyright Kathryn Yengel and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons license.
Copyright Kathryn Yengel and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons license.
Copyright Kathryn Yengel and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons license.
Copyright Kathryn Yengel and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons license.
Copyright Kathryn Yengel and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons license.
Copyright Kathryn Yengel and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons license.
Copyright Kathryn Yengel and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons license.
Copyright Kathryn Yengel and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons license.
Copyright Kathryn Yengel and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons license.
Copyright Kathryn Yengel and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons license.
Copyright Kathryn Yengel and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons license.
Copyright Kathryn Yengel and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons license.
Copyright Kathryn Yengel and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons license.
Copyright Kathryn Yengel and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons license.
Copyright Kathryn Yengel and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons license.
Copyright Kathryn Yengel and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons license.
Copyright Kathryn Yengel and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons license.
Copyright Kathryn Yengel and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons license.

Most of the sites or buildings recorded in this web site are NOT open to the public and permission to visit a site must always be sought from the landowner or tenant.

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Books

  • Brears, Peter, 2011, 'The Administrative Role of Gatehouses in Fourteenth-Century North-Country Castles' in Airs, M. and Barnwell, P.S. (eds), The Medieval Great House (Donington: Shaun Tyas) p. 200-213
  • Goodall, John, 2011, The English Castle 1066-1650 (Yale University Press) passim
  • Longstaffe-Gowan, Todd, 2005, The gardens and parks at Hampton Court Palace (London: Francis Lincoln)
  • Thurley, Simon, 2003, Hampton Court: A Social and Architectural History (Yale University Press)
  • Keevill, Graham D., 2000, Medieval Palaces, An Archaeology (Stroud; Tempus) p. 30, 34, 40, 12-3, 45-6, 70, 72, 77, 81, 112-3, 115-7, 124, 137, 141, 150, 155-7, 165
  • Cooper, Nicholas, 1999, Houses of the Gentry, 1480-1680 (Yale University Press) p. 64, 83, 93, 115, 308, 325
  • Sturgis, Matthew, 1998, Hampton Court Palace (London: Channel 4 Books)
  • Thompson, M.W., 1998, Medieval bishops' houses in England and Wales (Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing) p. 112, 143, 149, 162, 188
  • Thurley, Simon, 1993, The Royal Palaces of Tudor England (Yale University Press)
  • Thurley, S., 1991, 'The domestic building works of Cardinal Wolsey' in Gunn, S. and Lindley, P. (eds), Cardinal Wolsey: Chirch State and Art (Cambridge)
  • James, T.B., 1990, The Palaces of Medieval England (London; Seaby)
  • Pevsner, N. (Revised by Cherry, Bridget), 1983, Buildings of England: London: South (London, Penguin) p. 484-6
  • Colvin, H.M., Ransome, D.R. and Summerson, John, 1982, The history of the King's Works, Vol. 4: 1485-1660 (part 2) (London) p. 126-147
  • Minney, Rubeigh James, 1972, Hampton Court (London: Cassell)
  • RCHME, 1937, An inventory of the historical monuments in Middlesex (HMSO) p. 30-2 no. 2 (plan) online transcription
  • Page, Wm, 1911, VCH Middlesex Vol. 2 p. 358, 374
  • Timbs, J. and Gunn, A., 1872, Abbeys, Castles and Ancient Halls of England and Wales Vol. 1 (London) p. 139-44 online copy
  • Turner, T.H. and Parker, J.H., 1859, Some account of Domestic Architecture in England (Oxford) Vol. 3 Part 2 p. 282-3 online copy
  • Grose, Francis, 1785 (new edn orig 1756), Antiquities of England and Wales (London) Vol. 3 p. 143-6 online copy

Antiquarian

  • Camden, Wm, 1607, Britannia hypertext critical edition by Dana F. Sutton (2004)
  • Chandler, John, 1993, John Leland's Itinerary: travels in Tudor England  (Sutton Publishing) p. 311
  • Toulmin-Smith, Lucy (ed), 1907, The itinerary of John Leland in or about the years 1535-1543 (London: Bell and Sons) Vol. 1 p. 106 online copy
  • Celia Fiennes, 1888, Through England on a Side Saddle in the Time of William and Mary (London: Field and Tuer, The Leadenhall Press) Vision of Britain online transcription [Vision of Britain online transcription > http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/text/chap_page.jsp?t_id=Fiennes&c_id=41&cpub_id=0]

Journals

  • Bold, John, 2004, 'Hampton Court : A Definitive Architectural History?' London Journal Vol. 29:2 p. 46-53 (Review essay)
  • Ford, Daphne and Turner, Michael, 2004, 'The Kynges New Haull: A response to Jonathan Foyle's "Reconstruction of Thomas Wolsey's Great Hall at Hampton Court Palace"' Architectural History Vol. 47 p. 53-76
  • Foyle, Jonathan, 2002, 'A reconstruction of Thomas Wolsey's great hall at Hampton Court Palace' Architectural History Vol. 45 p. 128-58
  • Sanderson, R. and Garner, K., 2001, 'Conservation of Reigate stone at Hampton Court Palace and HM Tower of London' Journal of Architectural Conservation Vol. 7.3 p. 7-23
  • Thurley, Simon, 1998, 'Henry VIII and the Building of Hampton Court: A Reconstruction of the Tudor Palace' Architectural History Vol. 31 p. 1-57
  • Keevill, G. and Bell, C., 1996, 'Archaeological investigation of the moat at Hampton Court Palace' Transactions of the London and Middlesex Archaeological Society Vol. 47 p. 145-56 download copy
  • Streitberger, W.R., 1994, 'Records of royal banqueting houses and Henry VIII's timber lodging, 1543-1559' Journal of the Society of Archivists Vol. 15 p. 187-202
  • Musty, J., 1990, 'Brick kilns and brick and tile suppliers to Hampton Court Palace' The Archaeological Journal Vol. 147 p. 411-19
  • Thurley, Simon, 1990, 'The Tudor Kitchens at Hampton Court' Journal of the British Archaeological Association Vol. 143 p. 1-28
  • Thurley, Simon, 1988, 'Henry VIII and the building of Hampton Court : a reconstruction of the Tudor palace' Architectural History Vol. 31 p. 1-57
  • Batchelor, D., 1977, 'Excavations at Hampton Court Palace'. Post-Medieval Archaeology Vol. 11 p. 36-49

Guide Books

  • Murphy, C. (ed), 2007, The taste of the fire: the story of the Tudor kitchens at Hampton Court Palace (Historic Royal Palaces)
  • Chettle, G.H., 1955, Hampton Court Palace (HMSO)
  • Lindsay, Philip, 1948, Hampton Court: a history. With illustrations by Denis Duffield
  • Yates, Edward, 1935, Hampton Court

Primary Sources

Other

  • Payne, Naomi, 2003, The medieval residences of the bishops of Bath and Wells, and Salisbury (PhD Thesis University of Bristol) Appendix B: List of Medieval Bishop's Palaces in England and Wales (available via EThOS)
  • Foyle, Jonathan, 2002, An archaeological reconstruction of Thomas Wolsey's Hampton Court Palace (Phd Thesis University of Reading) (available via EThOS)