Pennington Eller Barrow

Has been described as a Rejected Timber Castle (Motte)

There are earthwork remains

NamePennington Eller Barrow
Alternative NamesConinger Wood; Ella-barrow
Historic CountryLancashire
Modern AuthorityCumbria
1974 AuthorityCumbria
Civil ParishPennington

A tumulus shaped like an 'inverted vessel' situated c. half a mile SE of Castle Hill (SD 27 NE 13) measuring 400 ft in circumference with a maximum height of 50 ft. West described the field called Ellabarrow as "a name probably obtained from a large tumulus or artificial mount now covered with trees ..... which has perhaps been formed with materials brought from a large excavation in the field...." (Cowper).

An elongated turf covered mound in the form of a long barrow has a modern bank encircling its base, obliterating any possible ditch or retaining circle. The orientation and shape of the mound make it suspect as a barrow and possibly indicates a natural or industrial feature (F1 FDC 16-JUN-58).

The position of the mound, overlooked on three sides, further supports a non-antiquity classification but its appearance is certainly artificial - probably a spoil mound (F2 FRH 17-JAN-67).

Gatehouse Comments

Jackson writes has been considered a motte. Nothing about the current form of the mound is suggestive of a motte. While it is only 200m from the parish church it is not a focus for routes. Can be dismissed as a motte, or any form of medieval residential site, on morphological grounds.

- Philip Davis

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law

Not Listed

Historic England (PastScape) Defra or Monument number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceSD265774
Latitude54.1874504089355
Longitude-3.12783002853394
Eastings326500
Northings477440
HyperLink HyperLink HyperLink
Photograph by Matthew Emmott. All rights reserved
Photograph by Matthew Emmott. All rights reserved

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Books

  • Jackson, M.J.,1990, Castles of Cumbria (Carlisle: Carel Press) p. 100
  • 1973 (6edn), Ancient Monuments in England (HMSO) p. 130
  • West, T., 1805, Antiquites of Furness (Ulverston) p. 408-9 online copy

Journals

  • Cowper, H.S., 1906, Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society Vol. 6 p. 317 (slight as barrow) online copy