Trenethick Barton

Has been described as a Possible Fortified Manor House

There are major building remains

NameTrenethick Barton
Alternative NamesTrevenetheke
Historic CountryCornwall
Modern AuthorityCornwall
1974 AuthorityCornwall
Civil ParishWendron

Gatehouse or barbican and adjoining courtyard walls. C16. Built for the Hill family. Granite elvan and killas rubble walls. Granite ashlar gatehouse with granite dressings. Grouted scantle slate roof with gable ends. Stepped copings to walls. Plan: Small rectangular-on-plan gatehouse flanked by high walls, with wide gateway to the ground floor and small guardroom above with its doorway into the right-hand gable end approached by a steep flight of granite steps built against the inside of the courtyard wall. 2 storey gatehouse. Ground floor has wide 4-centred arched doorway with hoodmould. Old doors, probably C18 or early C19. Over the doorway the granite ashlar front is jettied out on a dressed granite corbel table. There is a central complete 3-light mullioned window with hoodmould. Under the window is the Hill coat of arms. The walls are very high on either side of the gatehouse and ramp down at either side. This gatehouse overlooked the former main highway (now disused) and is one of the most interesting C16 domestic buildings in Cornwall. (Listed Building Report)

During Norman and into the medieval period, the manor was the home of the Seneschall family and Walter Seneschall was a member of parliament in 1377. In 1392 the house, through his widow Margery, was assigned to the Hill family who took the Seneschall coat of arms which can still be seen on the front door to the house and on the gatehouse. The Hills were successful tinners and re-built the house as a stronghold for their valuables and legal documents. The current house was largely built by the Hill family in C15 and extended in C17, C18 and C19. The gatehouse was built as a semi-defensive building as part of a planned great house and was probably occupied by a guard in times of unrest. (http://www.thisisthewestcountry.co.uk © Newsquest Media Group 2005)

Gatehouse Comments

The gatehouse is modest and the surrounding wall, whilst high, is of poor quality and heavily buttressed. The success of the Hill's as tinners is relative. Here the need for defences may well have been against mobs of tinners during periods of recession and lay offs.

- Philip Davis

Not scheduled

This is a Grade 1 listed building protected by law

Historic England Scheduled Monument Number
Historic England Listed Building number(s)
Images Of England
Historic England (PastScape) Defra or Monument number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceSW668291
Latitude50.1156005859375
Longitude-5.2628698348999
Eastings166800
Northings29110
HyperLink HyperLink HyperLink
Copyright Emily Spencer All Rights Reserved
Copyright Emily Spencer All Rights Reserved
Copyright Emily Spencer All Rights Reserved
Copyright Emily Spencer All Rights Reserved
Copyright Emily Spencer All Rights Reserved

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Journals

  • 1961 April, Country Life

Other

  • English Heritage, 2011, Heritage at Risk Register 2011 South West (London: English Heritage) p. 28 online copy
  • English Heritage, 2010, Heritage at Risk Register 2010 South West (London: English Heritage) p. 25 online copy
  • English Heritage, 2009, Heritage at Risk Register 2009 South West (London: English Heritage) p. 33 online copy
  • Henderson, C., 1914, Notebooks of Parochial Antiquities. MS At RIC Vol. 1 p. 181