Somerton Castle, Somerset

Has been described as a Possible Masonry Castle

There are no visible remains

NameSomerton Castle, Somerset
Alternative Names
Historic CountrySomerset
Modern AuthoritySomerset
1974 AuthoritySomerset
Civil ParishSomerton

Somerton Castle has now disappeared. Late in the 16th century a portion of the surrounding walls was standing together with a round bastion tower. The materials were used to construct a goal on its site somewhere in close proximity to the present White Hart Inn (Barnett).

Externally there are no remains of the castle walls in either the White Hart Inn or the adjoining buildings (OS record 1966).

"There is a tradition that its (the castles) dungeons once imprisoned French Royalty and remain under the Market Square" (Hayter). (Somerset HER)

From 1280 until c.1371, when Somerton's gaol was holding county prisoners, the clerks recording the proceedings at assizes regularly referred to the gaol as Somerton castle. The building adjoined a hall of pleas or court house and the churchyard, and a visitor in 1579 recorded 'an old tower embattled about castle-like'. Later antiquarians sought to place the castle in the market place, but that was a medieval house confused with a real castle at Somerton in Lincolnshire. (Dunning 1995)

Somerton's brief period as a county town began in 1278 when the shire courts were transferred there from Ilchester. The county gaol was established in the town in 1280, and itinerant justices began to deliver it in the same year. Early in 1366 the justices met again at Ilchester and, later in that year, in order to relieve Ilchester's economic depression, both shire and circuit courts were again permanently established there. By 1371 the gaol at Somerton was no longer holding county prisoners.

The gaol and its adjacent hall of pleas, where a riot had taken place in 1344, then went out of use. In 1434 John Harper leased a parcel of the house formerly called the court hall (aula curie), probably the hall of pleas, which stood 'by the churchyard of the church of Somerton'. Four years later Richard Smyth held a waste site within the lord's gaol on the west of this hall

The burgage known as the 'gayle' was by 1507–8 a total ruin, and was still so described in 1537, though in 1529–30 money had been spent on the court-house (domus curie) to provide 'barrez' for the safe keeping of prisoners during sessions, presumably in connexion with the last visit of the circuit judges to the town in 1530.

In 1579 'an old tower embattled about castlelike' was thought to be the remains of the gaol. A house in Cow Square, near the north-eastern corner of the churchyard, has been known as the Old Hall since at least 1661, and may stand on the site of the former hall of pleas. (VCH)

Sometimes said to have had a castle but this is a mistake for the castle at Somerton Lincolnshire. (King 1983)

Gatehouse Comments

As with Somerset's earlier county town Ilchester the castle seems to have functioned almost exclusively in the role of gaol and court house, a function common to all county town castles. Unlike at Ilcester Somerton does sometimes seem to have been called a castle. The situation is additionally confused by the misidentification of a thick walled buildings in the market square which have been identified as a castle. Site lost. Map reference for parish church which it is known to have been close to. The traditional site 'The White Hart' is certainly close to a possible location although it may be argued it is on the wrong side of the road to be 'by the church yard'.

- Philip Davis

Not scheduled

Not Listed

County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceST490286
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  • Dunning, Robert, 1995, Somerset Castles (Somerset Books) p. 79
  • King, D.J.C., 1983, Castellarium Anglicanum (London: Kraus) Vol. 2 p. 446 (reject)
  • Dunning, R.W. (ed), 1974, VCH Somerset Vol. 3 p. 132, 138-9 online transcription
  • Hayter T H O., 1956?, The Parish Church of St. Michael and All Angels, Somerton
  • Harvey, Alfred, 1911, Castles and Walled Towns of England (London: Methuen and Co)
  • Barnett, C.R.B., 1894, Somersetshire Highways, Byways and Waterways p. 20



  • 1911, Notes and Queries for Somerset and Dorset Vol. 12.2 p. 173

Primary Sources

  • C145/138(3) (Survey of 1339) The National Archives reference (calendared in Maxwell Lyte, H.C., 1916, Calendar of Inquisitions Miscellaneous (Chancery), preserved in the Public Record Office (H.M.S.O.) Vol. 2 p. 409 No. 1662 [online copy >])