Bradfield Castle Hill
Has been described as a Possible Timber Castle (MotteRingwork), and also as a Possible Masonry Castle, and also as a Rejected Siege Work
There are earthwork remains
|Name||Bradfield Castle Hill
|1974 Authority||South Yorkshire
At Castle Hill in Hunter's time the remains of a keep were visible, with a ditch round it except on the steep side of the hill (VCH). An elongated motte with circumscribing ditch occupies the northern extremity of the long natural ridge at Castle Hill. The motte, which has an average height of 4.0m, merges with the steep scarp of the ridge in the south. Its sides have been extensively quarried, and the top has been mutilated. No traces of any building foundations are visible. A surrounding ditch has been partially infilled by the quarrying activity. It is best preserved on the northern side where it has a maximum depth of 1.0m. There are no other apparent outworks (Field Investigators Comments–F1 RWE 03-JUL-61).
Listed as a probable ringwork. It is suggested the site could be a siege castle or a predecessor to Bailey Hill (SK 29 SE/12). (Birch, 1981). (PastScape)
The rocky outcrop on the skyline to the east of the church, known as Castle Hill, may have been a natural feature rather than a fortified site, though perhaps it was a simple type of defence known as a ringwork or merely a look-out point. (Hey, 1973)
Known locally as the site of a 'Saxon tower', this probable ringwork lies on a natural level platform midway up the hillside at an altitude of nearly 300m, on the north of the Loxley valley, some 200m south-east of High Bradfield church. The land rises steadily to the north- east of the earthwork, but drops away steeply to the west and south. A spring, which could have fed the now dry moat, is located a little further uphill to the north.
The existing remains consist of a small, oval earthwork embankment rising up some 4 m above the bottom of the moat which embraces it to the north, west and south. The rampart and ditch are badly damaged to the south-east - apparently the result of quarrying
Remains of a masonry tower or keep were reported by Hunter (1819), but these are now completely grass covered.
In commanding the main approach to the village and hence the Bailey Hill motte-and-bailey castle near the church, this could conceivably represent a siege castle. Alternatively, it could simply be an earlier site for the castle. As yet, however, it has not been excavated, and nothing appears to be recorded of its history or destruction. (Birch 1981)
Castle Hill. This is less perfect than Bailey Hill; but the remains of a keep are visible, surrounded by a ditch, except on the steep side of the hill, where a ditch was not necessary; and on the slope of the hill there is an appearance of an intrenchment. ... The indications of artificial work at Castle Hill are very faint. These note were made on the spot in July 1826. (Hunter 1819)
This site is a scheduled monument protected by law
Historic England (PastScape) Defra or Monument number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
|OS Map Grid Reference||SK271923