Walburn Hall

Has been described as a Certain Fortified Manor House

There are masonry ruins/remnants remains

NameWalburn Hall
Alternative NamesDownholme
Historic CountryYorkshire
Modern AuthorityNorth Yorkshire
1974 AuthorityNorth Yorkshire
Civil ParishWalburn

Fortified manor house, originally larger than present farmhouse. C15 and C16, restored in the early C19 by Timothy Hutton of Marske in Swaledale. Rubble with ashlar dressings, stone slate roof. Two storeys, irregular plan of an L-shape around a cobbled courtyard to the front, and two further small wings projecting to the rear. Principal range on east side of courtyard, west elevation: 3 bays with quoined, gabled tower porch with ribbed boarded door in early - C19 ashlar surround with hoodmould below blocked 2-light chamfered mullion window with hoodmould. In gable a blocked 4-centred arched light with hoodmould. Square kneelers, ridged coping and square pedestal finial. On either side of porch, deep plinth almost 2 metres high, coped with stone slates. Quoins to right. First floor: blocked 2-light chamfered mullion windows. To right, raised verge with square kneeler, ridged coping and square pedestal finial with acorn. Tripled octagonal ashlar corniced chimneys to left and at centre. Rear (east) elevation of principal range: quoins. 2- and 3-light chamfered mullion windows with hoodmoulds, all early C19. South elevation of principal range, facing road: quoins. 2-storey square bay window with blocked 5-light chamfered mullion window below a 5-light chamfered mullion-and-transom window, the lower lights blind. Bay has double-cyma-moulded pediment with a square pedestal finial set diagonally and lead roof. Above, in gable of principal range, a shuttered 4-centred-arched light with hoodmould. Cross wing to principal range, south elevation: 2 bays. Ground-floor door and windows early C19. First floor: left bay gabled with oriel-like C15 window of 3 pointed-arch lights in hollow-chamfered ashlar surround, retaining some medieval heraldic stained glass. Above is a blocked rectangular light and coped gable with finial. In right bay a C16 hollow-chamfered window of 2 cinquefoil-headed lights under hoodmould

To left of cross wing front wall continues at ground-floor level with quoined, chamfered, segmental-arched doorway, and connects with ruined section of hall consisting of 3 walls standing up to first-floor height containing various C15 and C16 doorways and windows. West return of cross wing originally the inside wall of the ruined section, has on ground floor a chamfered quoined-surround doorway to left of blocked doorway with 4-centred arch. On first floor 2 early - C19 windows, and to right a blocked fireplace with 4-centred arch. Ashlar coping and octagonal chimney at left end, corniced stack in centre. North end of rear wing: on ground floor, a blocked quoined doorway with 4-centred arch. Above, a blocked cross window; to left, cross window. Projecting at right angles from centre of this wall is a vast offset chimney with opening blocked to form doorway on west side. East elevation of rear wing: on ground floor, chamfered mullion window of semicircular-headed lights with hoodmoulds, similar single-light window with vertical bar. First floor: hollow- chamfered mullion window of 2 pointed-arched lights with deeply-recessed spandrels. To right, quoined garderobe turret projects with chamfered first-floor vent. Interior: in living room chamfered, triangular-headed fireplace ex situ. Main living rooms were on first floor. At south end of principal range, room said to have accommodated Mary, Queen of Scots, with Elizabethan panelling to bay window, and C18 chimney-piece. In rear wing, chamfered doorway to garderobe. (Listed Building Report)

Not scheduled

This is a Grade 1 listed building protected by law

Historic England Scheduled Monument Number
Historic England Listed Building number(s)
Images Of England
Historic England (PastScape) Defra or Monument number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceSE118959
Latitude54.3587684631348
Longitude-1.8194500207901
Eastings411830
Northings495930
HyperLink HyperLink HyperLink
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved

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Books

  • Ingham, Bernard, 2001, Bernard Ingham's Yorkshire Castles (Dalesman) p. 27
  • Emery, Anthony, 1996, Greater Medieval Houses of England and Wales Vol. 1 Northern England (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) p. 405
  • Pettifer, A., 1995, English Castles, A guide by counties (Woodbridge: Boydell Press) p. 300
  • King, D.J.C., 1983, Castellarium Anglicanum (London: Kraus) Vol. 2 p. 533
  • Ryder, P.F., 1982 (paperback edn 1992), The Medieval Buildings of Yorkshire (Ash Grove Book) p. 108-22
  • Pevsner, N., 1966, Buildings of England: Yorkshire: North Riding (London) p. 139
  • Page, Wm (ed), 1914, VCH Yorkshire: North Riding Vol. 1 p. 227-8 online transcription