Grange Castle

Has been described as a Rejected Masonry Castle

There are earthwork remains

NameGrange Castle
Alternative NamesCastlehow; Diddersley Grange; Didderston Grange
Historic CountryYorkshire
Modern AuthorityNorth Yorkshire
1974 AuthorityNorth Yorkshire
Civil ParishMelsonby

A grange of Jervaulx Cistercian Abbey (SE 18 NE 1) at Melsonby, known as Grange Castle. It is a rectangular earthwork approx. 200 ft x 120 ft incorporated within and near the SE corner of a larger rectangular enclosure, of which the bank and ditches of the S and W sides are just discernible on air photographs. There is little early documentary evidence of the grange, but the Abbey undoubtedly held property from an early date in Melsonby. (VCH) The farm was sold a few months after the suppression of the Abbey in 1537 (VCH; Platt). Didderston Grange to the west of Gatherly Moor, the site of which is known, although there are no remains, was granted to Jervaulx in 1227-8 by Henry III. The abbey estates are now represented by the 2 farms, High Grange and Low Grange. (VCH). The remains of the grange consist of a rectangular moated enclosure measuring 60.0m by 40.0m with traces of internal turf covered foundations. The moat, which is now dry, averages 8.0m in width and 1.0m in depth and has a causewayed entrance on the north side. There is no trace of the larger rectangular enclosure referred to as being visible on air photographs. The name "Grange Castle" is more commonly used locally than Didderstone Grange. Deserted Medieval village at Didderston, probably attached to Didderston Grange. Grange site visible on air photographs but there is no evidence for a surrounding deserted Medieval village. (PastScape)

Gatehouse Comments

Jackson writes that this has been called a castle but he rejects it as such. No mention of fortifications other than dry moats in Jean le Patourel.

- Philip Davis

Not scheduled

Not Listed

Historic England (PastScape) Defra or Monument number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceNZ184076
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Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved

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  • Jackson, M.J., 2001, Castles of North Yorkshire (Carlisle) p. 93
  • Le Patourel, H.E. Jean, 1973, The Moated Sites of Yorkshire (The Society for Medieval Archaeology Monograph Series 5) p. 120
  • Platt, C., 1969, The Monastic Grange in Medieval England p. 216
  • Page, Wm (ed), 1914, VCH Yorkshire: North Riding Vol. 1 p. 107 online transcription