Mileham Castle

Has been described as a Certain Timber Castle (Motte), and also as a Certain Masonry Castle

There are earthwork remains

NameMileham Castle
Alternative NamesBurghwood; Burwood; Hall Yards; Moleham
Historic CountryNorfolk
Modern AuthorityNorfolk
1974 AuthorityNorfolk
Civil ParishMileham

Mileham Castle is one of the largest motte and bailey castles in Norfolk. It straddles the B1145, a pre-Conquest road that remained the main east-west route through the county until the 17th century. The castle was constructed in about 1100 and its remains form a surprisingly imposing monument consisting of a motte built up around the fragments of a stone keep, two baileys and a further banked rectangular enclosure to the north of the road, which now contains Burwood Hall (built in 1793) and farm buildings. A large wooded deer park was once attached to the south of the castle. The positioning of the castle astride the road is thought to have been connected with raising revenue from a possible market place in the northern enclosure and from tolls on travellers. It is probable that the castle had fallen out of use by about 1300, but before then the tall keep, probably whitewashed, when seen against the green wooded backdrop of the deer park, would have been an impressive sight. (Norfolk HER)

Gatehouse Comments

Mileham and Burghwood are separately listed by Harvey. Burghwood was the name of a manor in Mileham and this may be a duplication on his part, but the tenurial history of Mileham is somewhat complex and another small but strong moated site exists NE of the castle at Giants Moat.

- Philip Davis

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law

This is a Grade 2 listed building protected by law

Historic England Scheduled Monument Number
Historic England Listed Building number(s)
Images Of England
Historic England (PastScape) Defra or Monument number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceTF916193
Latitude52.7369918823242
Longitude0.8367800116539
Eastings591600
Northings319300
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Copyright Dave Barlow of Abaroths World All Rights Reserved
Copyright Dave Barlow of Abaroths World All Rights Reserved
Copyright Dave Barlow of Abaroths World All Rights Reserved
Copyright Dave Barlow of Abaroths World All Rights Reserved
Copyright Dave Barlow of Abaroths World All Rights Reserved
Copyright Dave Barlow of Abaroths World All Rights Reserved
Copyright Dave Barlow of Abaroths World All Rights Reserved
Copyright Dave Barlow of Abaroths World All Rights Reserved
Copyright Dave Barlow of Abaroths World All Rights Reserved
Copyright Dave Barlow of Abaroths World All Rights Reserved
Copyright Bob Jones and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons license.
Copyright Bob Jones and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons license.

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Books

  • Goodall, John, 2011, The English Castle 1066-1650 (Yale University Press) p. 107
  • Liddiard, Robert, 2005, 'The Castle Landscape of Anglo-Norman East Anglia: A Regional Perspective' in Harper-Bill, C. (ed), Medieval East Anglia (Woodbridge, Boydell) p. 33-51
  • Cushion, B. and Davison, A., 2003, Earthworks of Norfolk (Dereham: East Anglian Archaeology 104) p. 173-5 (plan)
  • Salter, Mike, 2001, The Castles of East Anglia (Malvern: Folly Publications) p. 59
  • Liddiard, R., 2000, Landscapes of Lordship (British Archaeological Reports British Series 309) p. 79-82
  • Wade-Martins, P. (ed), 1999, Norfolk From The Air Vol. 2 (Norfolk Museums Service) p. 42
  • Pettifer, A., 1995, English Castles, A guide by counties (Woodbridge: Boydell Press) p. 160-1
  • Rogerson, Andrew, 1994, 'Castles' in Wade-Martins, P, (ed), An Historical Atlas of Norfolk (2edn Norwich; Norfolk Museums) p. 68-9
  • Brown, R.Allen, 1989, Castles from the Air (Cambridge University Press) p. 158
  • King, D.J.C., 1983, Castellarium Anglicanum (London: Kraus) Vol. 2 p. 307-8
  • Fry, P.S., 1980, Castles of the British Isles (David and Charles) p. 262
  • Wilton, J.W., 1979, Earthworks and Fortifications of Norfolk (Weathercock Press) p. 23
  • Renn, D.F., 1973 (2 edn.), Norman Castles of Britain (London: John Baker) p. 245
  • Harvey, Alfred, 1911, Castles and Walled Towns of England (London: Methuen and Co)
  • Blomefield, F., 1809, ''Launditch Hundred: Mileham' An Essay towards a Topographical History of the County of Norfolk Vol. 10 p. 15-25 (tenurial history) online transcription

Journals

  • (Taylor) in Wilson, D.M. and Hurst, D.G., 1969, Medieval Archaeology Vol. 13 p. 258, 260 online copy
  • Taylor, M., 1969, Norfolk Research Committee Bulletin Vol. 18 p. 7
  • Clark, G.T., 1889, 'Contribution towards a complete list of moated mounds or burhs' The Archaeological Journal Vol. 46 p. 197-217 esp. 208 online copy
  • Clark, G.T., 1882, The Builder Vol. 43 p. 176, 186
  • Carthew, G.A., 1879, 'On Earthworks at Mileham' Norfolk Archaeology Vol. 8 p. 10-16 online copy
  • Barnwell, 1819, The Gentleman's Magazine Vol. 89 Part 1 513-4 and plate online copy

Primary Sources

  • Madoc, T. (ed), 1702, Formulae Anglicanum (London) online copy