Palace of Westminster

Has been described as a Certain Palace (Royal)

There are masonry ruins/remnants remains

NamePalace of Westminster
Alternative NamesJewel Tower
Historic CountryLondon and Middlesex
Modern AuthorityLondon Borough of Westminster
1974 AuthorityGreater London
Civil ParishCity Of Westminster

The Palace at Westminster is sited on Thorney Island and was built close to the Abbey of Westminster from about 1040 onwards. For over 500 years it remained the principal palace of the sovereign, and housed the principal Courts of Justice, the Exchequer, and administrative offices of the kingdom. The Jewel Tower was the Royal Treasure House, later repository, forming the South-West corner of the former Privy Palace of Westminster. 1364-6 by Henry Yevele with windows and parapets renewed in 1718-9. L-plan tower with North polygonal stair-turret. The Jewel Tower was used as a treasury from 1366. By the end of Henry VIII's reign, it had been replaced as a treasury. Following war damage, it was restored and opened to the public, its moat being re-excavated. The quay retaining walls of the dock which antedates the Jewel Tower were excavated in 1963-4 and now form the retaining walls of the moat.

World Heritage Site 426bis

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law

This is a Grade 1 listed building protected by law

Historic England Scheduled Monument Number
Historic England Listed Building number(s)
Images Of England
Historic England (PastScape) Defra or Monument number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceTQ301793
Latitude51.4983787536621
Longitude-0.126499995589256
Eastings530140
Northings179380
HyperLink HyperLink HyperLink
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved

Most of the sites or buildings recorded in this web site are NOT open to the public and permission to visit a site must always be sought from the landowner or tenant.

Calculate Print

Books

  • Osbourne, Mike, 2012, Defending London (Stroud: The History Press) p. 34-5
  • Goodall, John, 2011, The English Castle 1066-1650 (Yale University Press) passim
  • Emery, Anthony, 2006, Greater Medieval Houses of England and Wales Vol. 3 Southern England (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) p. 252-9
  • Thomas, Christopher, Cowie, Robert and Sidell, Jane, 2005, The Royal Palace, Abbey and Town of Westminster on Thorney Island (London; Museum of London Archaeology Service Monograph 22)
  • Fernie, E., 2000, 'Castles, Halls, and Chamber Blocks' in The Architecture of Norman England (Oxford University Press) p. 49-88 esp 84-87
  • Goodall, J.A.A., 2000, 'The medieval Palace of Westminster' in C. and J. Ridding (eds) The Houses of Parliament: History, Art, and Architecture p. 49-68
  • Keevill, Graham D., 2000, Medieval Palaces, An Archaeology (Stroud; Tempus) p. 14, 19-20, 22-3, 25-8, 54, 56, 62, 64, 72, 77, 83, 86, 99-103, 115, 127, 157 (plans)
  • Thurley, Simon, 1997, 'Whitehall Palace and Westminster 1400-1600 : a royal seat in transition' in Gaimster, David R. M. and Stamper, Paul, The age of transition : the archaeology of English culture 1400-1600 (Oxbow monograph, 98; The Society for Medieval Archaeology Monograph, 15) p. 93-104
  • Cherry, John and Stratford, Neil, 1995, Westminster Kings and the Palace of Westminster (British Museum Occasional Paper 115)
  • Pettifer, A., 1995, English Castles, A guide by counties (Woodbridge: Boydell Press) p. 150-1
  • Thurley, Simon, 1993, The Royal Palaces of Tudor England (Yale University Press)
  • James, T.B., 1990, The Palaces of Medieval England (London; Seaby)
  • Cooke, R., 1987, The Palace of Westminster
  • Binski, P., 1986, The Painted Chamber at Westminster (London)
  • Colvin, H.M., Ransome, D.R. and Summerson, John, 1982, The history of the King's Works, Vol. 4: 1485-1660 (part 2) (London) p. 286-300
  • Colvin, H.M., Ransome, D.R. and Summerson, John, 1975, The history of the King's Works, Vol. 3: 1485-1660 (part 1) (London)
  • Pevsner, N. (Revised by Cherry, Bridget), 1973, Buildings of England: London: the Cities of London and Westminster (London, Penguin) p. 520-33
  • Colvin, H.M., Brown, R.Allen and Taylor, A.J., 1963, The history of the King's Works Vol. 2: the Middle Ages (London: HMSO) p. 491-552
  • Colvin, H.M., Brown, R.Allen and Taylor, A.J., 1963, The history of the King's Works, Vol. 1: the Middle Ages (London) p. 45-7
  • RCHME, 1925, Inventory of Historic Monuments in London Vol. 2: West London (HMSO) p. 121-24 online transcription
  • Turner, T.H. and Parker, J.H., 1859, Some account of Domestic Architecture in England (Oxford) Vol. 3 Part 2 p. 282 online copy
  • Brayley, E.W. and Britton, E., 1836, The History of the Ancient Palace and Late Houses of Parliament at Westminster (London)
  • Smith, J.T., 1807, Antiquities of Westminster online copy

Antiquarian

Journals

  • Collins, M., Emery, P., Phillpots, C. Samuel, M. and Thomas C., 2012, ‘The king’s high table at the Palace of Westminster’ The Antiquaries Journal Vol. 92 p. 197-243.
  • Crook, John and Harris, Roland B., 2002, 'Reconstructing the Lesser Hall : an interim report from the Medieval Palace of Westminster Research Project' Parliamentary History Vol. 21:1 p. 22-61
  • Speight, Sarah, 2004, ''Religion in the Bailey: Charters, Chapels and the Clergy' Cha^teau Gaillard Vol. 21 p. 271-80
  • Hayward, Maria Anne, 2002, 'The 1542 inventory of the Palace of Westminster' History Today Vol. 52:11 p. 7-8
  • Courtenay, L.T., 1990, 'The Westminster Hall roof : a new archaeological source' Journal of the British Archaeological Association Vol. 143 p. 95-111
  • Horsman, Valerie and Davison, Brian, 1989, 'The New Palace Yard and its Fountains: Excavations in the Palace of Westminster, 1972-4' Antiquaries Journal Vol. 69 p. 279-97
  • Thompson, M.W., 1986, 'Associated monasteries and castles in the Middle Ages: a tentative list' The Archaeological Journal Vol. 143 p. 320
  • Green, H.J.M., 1976, 'Excavation of the palace defences and abbey precinct wall at Abingdon Street, Westminster, 1963' Journal of the British Archaeological Association Vol. 129
  • Sturdy, D., 1976, 'Mid Pleasures and Palaces: Archaeological Work at the Royal Sites of London' London Archaeologist Vol. 2.16 p. 417-22 online copy
  • Colvin, H.M. (ed), 1966, 'Views of the Old Palace of Westminster' Architectural History Vol. 9 p. 23-184
  • Cooper, I.M., 1937, 'Westminster Hall' Journal of the British Archaeological Association 3rd ser., Vol. 1 p. 168-228
  • Lethaby, W.R., 1906, 'The palace of Westminster in the eleventh and twelfth centuries' Archaeologia Vol. 40

Guide Books

  • Ashbee, J., 2013, The Jewel Tower (London: English Heritage)
  • Gerhold, Dorian, 1999, Westminster Hall: nine hundred years of history (London: James & James)
  • Taylor, A.J., 1996, The Jewel Tower, Westminster (London: English Heritage)
  • Taylor, A.J., 1956, The Jewel Tower (London; HMSO)
  • Baines, F., 1914, Westminster Hall (London; HMSO)

Primary Sources

Other

  • Bridge, M.C., 2011, The Jewel Tower, Abingdon Street, Westminster, London (English Heritage Research Department Reports series 109-2011) online copy