Pipe Aston Tump 1

Has been described as a Certain Timber Castle (Motte)

There are earthwork remains

NamePipe Aston Tump 1
Alternative NamesAston Tump 1
Historic CountryHerefordshire
Modern AuthorityHerefordshire
1974 AuthorityHereford and Worcester
Civil ParishPipe Aston

The earthwork remains of a moated motte mapped from aerial photographs. When field investigated in 1972 the earth and stone motte was 44m in diameter at the base and 22m in diameter on the summit. It rose 6m above the encircling moat. The marshy moat was 11m in width and from 0.5m deep on the south side to 1.5m deep on the north side. The moat was fed by a stream from the north east, leaving from the south west. (PastScape)

Mound & moat, prob castle. Mound roughly circular c 47yds diam at base rising about 24' above bottom of ditch. Moat still wet on NW side (RCHME). Earth & stone motte 44.0m in diam at base, the flat summit 22m in diam being 6m above moat. Moat once wet now marshy 11m wide, from 0.5 - 1.5m deep. Fed from stream entering from NE & leaving from SW (OS record, 1972), Outline of former bailey visible in course of road to N Motte & bailey. Partially buried foundations of a polygonal shell keep with at least 1 small D shaped tower on it, prob C11 castle (Scheduling Report). Another motte/tump lies 200m to the north (Pipe Aston Tump 2 . Notes on the Aston Castles by Paul Martin Remfry. Historical information is used to try and date when the castles were built with the suggestion that this was the main castle and was built between 1138 and 1139 (HAN, 1997). (Herefordshire SMR)

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law

Not Listed

Historic England (PastScape) Defra or Monument number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceSO461719
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Photo by Philip Davis All Rights Reserved
Photo by Philip Davis All Rights Reserved
Photo by Philip Davis All Rights Reserved
Photo by Philip Davis All Rights Reserved
Photo by Philip Davis All Rights Reserved

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  • Shoesmith, Ron, 2009 (Rev edn.), Castles and Moated Sites of Herefordshire (Logaston Press) p. 243
  • Salter, Mike, 2000, Castles of Herefordshire and Worcestershire (Malvern: Folly Publications) p. 13
  • Pettifer, A., 1995, English Castles, A guide by counties (Woodbridge: Boydell Press) p. 103 (slight)
  • Stirling-Brown, R., 1989, Herefordshire Castles (privately published) p. 16
  • King, D.J.C., 1983, Castellarium Anglicanum (London: Kraus) Vol. 1 p. 202
  • 1981, Herefordshire Countryside Treasures (Hereford and Worcester County Council) p. 4
  • RCHME, 1934, An inventory of the historical monuments in Herefordshire Vol. 3: north-west p. xxviii (plan), 9 No. 2 online transcription
  • Gould, I. Chalkley, 1908, in Page, Wm (ed), VCH Herefordshire Vol. 1 p. 224


  • Halliwell, P., 1997, Herefordshire Archaeological News Vol. 67 p. 41-44
  • Sterling Brown, R., 1988, 'Preliminary Results of Castle Survey' Herefordshire Archaeological News Vol. 50 p. 43
  • Hogg, A.H.A. and King, D.J.C., 1963, 'Early castles in Wales and the Marches: a preliminary list' Archaeologia Cambrensis Vol. 112 p. 77-124
  • Renn, D.F., 1959, 'Mottes: a classification' Antiquity Vol. 33 p. 106-12 (listed as siegework)
  • Clark, G.T., 1889, 'Contribution towards a complete list of moated mounds or burhs' The Archaeological Journal Vol. 46 p. 197-217 esp. 210 (mislocated in Shropshire) online copy