Titchfield Abbey

Has been described as a Possible Fortified Manor House

There are major building remains

NameTitchfield Abbey
Alternative NamesTychefeld; Place House, Palace House
Historic CountryHampshire and the Isle of Wight
Modern AuthorityHampshire
1974 AuthorityHampshire
Civil ParishFareham

Titchfield Abbey, quietly situated in the valley of the River Meon, is a fine example of a Premonstratensian monastery. The surviving structures provide a good indication of the scale and importance of the monastic buildings while the associated fishponds provide evidence for both water management and for the economic importance of fish to both monastic and later communities. The surviving elements of the 16th century mansion are an example of the secular use of a religious complex in the years following the Dissolution of the Monasteries. Small scale excavations carried out in the early 20th century have clarified the layout of the focal monastic buildings. More recent excavations have shown the fishponds to have been constructed in the 13th century and to have been maintained in use after the Dissolution of the abbey in the 16th century. The main components of the monument are maintained in Guardianship and are open to the public.

The Abbey of St Mary and St John the Evangelist was founded in 1232 by Peter de Roches, Bishop of Winchester, for Premonstratensian canons. The history of the abbey was uneventful and at the suppression of the monasteries in 1537 the monastic estate passed to Thomas Wriothesley, who by 1542, had converted the monastic buildings into the residence known as 'Palace House'. This survived little altered until the greater part of it was demolished in 1781. The surviving remains of the abbey include the cloister, used in the 16th century as the courtyard of the country house, and the nave of the church which became its gatehouse. The four towers of the gatehouse form the most visually impressive element of the ruins. (Scheduling report)

Mr Wriothesley hath buildid a right stately house embatelid, and having a goodely gate, and a conducte castelid in the midle of the court of it, yn the same place wher the late monasterie of Premostratenses stoode caullyd Tichefelde. (Leland)

Gatehouse Comments

Thomas Wriothesley's mansion is certainly grand and 'castle like', although the more military minded within castle studies would dismiss it.

- Philip Davis

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law

This is a Grade 2 listed building protected by law

Historic England Scheduled Monument Number
Historic England Listed Building number(s)
Images Of England
Historic England (PastScape) Defra or Monument number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceSU541066
Latitude50.8568801879883
Longitude-1.23149001598358
Eastings454190
Northings106670
HyperLink HyperLink HyperLink
Copyright Margaret Anne Clarke and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons license.
Copyright Margaret Anne Clarke and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons license.
Copyright Margaret Anne Clarke and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons license.

Most of the sites or buildings recorded in this web site are NOT open to the public and permission to visit a site must always be sought from the landowner or tenant.

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Books

  • Osborne, Mike, 2011, Defending Hampshire: The Military Landscape from Prehistory to the Present (Stroud: The History Press) p. 52, 54, 245
  • Goodall, John, 2011, The English Castle 1066-1650 (Yale University Press) p. 418, 425-7, 443
  • Elliot, Julia (ed), 2005, Heritage Unlocked; Guide to free sites in London and the South East (London: English Heritage) p. 82-3
  • Salter, Mike, 2002, The Castles of Wessex (Malvern: Folly Publications) p. 55
  • Watts, G. and Wade, R., 1989, Titchfield: a place in history (Titchfield History Society)
  • Watts, G. (ed), 1982, Titchfield, A History (Titchfield History Society) p. 25-31, 77-79
  • Knowles, David and Hadcock, R Neville, 1971, Medieval religious houses in England and Wales (Longman) p. 191-2
  • Pevsner, N. and Lloyd D., 1967, Buildings of England: Hampshire and the Isle of Wight (Harmondsworth) p.627-629
  • Page, Wm (ed), 1908, VCH Hampshire and the Isle of Wight Vol. 3 p. 222-3 online transcription
  • Turner, T.H. and Parker, J.H., 1859, Some account of Domestic Architecture in England (Oxford) Vol. 3 Part 2 p. 323 online copy

Antiquarian

  • Camden, Wm, 1607, Britannia hypertext critical edition by Dana F. Sutton (2004)
  • Chandler, John, 1993, John Leland's Itinerary: travels in Tudor England  (Sutton Publishing) p. 207
  • Toulmin-Smith, Lucy (ed), 1907, The itinerary of John Leland in or about the years 1535-1543 (London: Bell and Sons) Vol. 1 p. 281 online copy

Journals

  • Kenyon, J.R., 1981 'Early Artillery Fortifications in England and Wales: a Preliminary Survey and Re-appraisal' The Archaeological Journal Vol. 138 p. 226
  • Kenyon, J.R., 1977, 'Early Gunports' Fort Vol. 4 p. 84
  • Currie, C.K., 1986, Medieval Archaeology Vol. 30 p. 147-8
  • Hope, W.H.St. John, 1906, 'The making of place house at Titchfield, near Southampton, in 1538' The Archaeological Journal Vol. 63 p. 231-43 online copy
  • Minns, G.W., 1898, ‘Titchfield Abbey and Place House’ Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club and Archaeological Society Vol. 3.3 p. 317- 338

Guide Books

  • 2001, Titchfield Abbey, Hampshire (London: English Heritage)
  • Graham, R., 1985, Titchfield Abbey, Hampshire (London; RCHME)

Primary Sources

  • Gairdner, J. and Brodie, R.H. (eds), 1900, Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, of the Reign of Henry VIII Vol. 17 p. 61 No. 137.54 online copy

Other

  • Historic England, 2015, Heritage at Risk South East Register 2015 (London: Historic England) p. 17 online copy
  • English Heritage, 2014, Heritage at Risk Register 2014 South East (London: English Heritage) p. 19 online copy
  • English Heritage, 2013, Heritage at Risk Register 2013 South East (London: English Heritage) p. 19 online copy
  • English Heritage, 2012, Heritage at Risk Register 2012 South East (London: English Heritage) p. 35 online copy
  • English Heritage, 2011, Heritage at Risk Register 2011 South East (London: English Heritage) p. 32 online copy
  • English Heritage, 2010, Heritage at Risk Register 2010 South East (London: English Heritage) p. 29 online copy
  • English Heritage, 2009, Heritage at Risk Register 2009 South East (London: English Heritage) p. 38 online copy
  • Dave Hopkins, 2004, Extensive Urban Survey - Hampshire and the Isle of Wight (English Heritage) Download copy