Hadleigh Castle

Has been described as a Certain Masonry Castle

There are masonry ruins/remnants remains

NameHadleigh Castle
Alternative NamesHatheleg; Hadleg
Historic CountryEssex
Modern AuthorityEssex
1974 AuthorityEssex
Civil ParishHadleigh

Ruins of castle rebuilt by Edward III mid-Late C14 on the site of a castle built by Hubert de Burgh early C13 (licensed 1230). Reigate stone, ragstone some rubble and tiles, much cockle shell in mortar. Built on a spur overlooking the Thames estuary most of the southern features have slipped to a lower level. Only the foundations or bases of the curtain wall remain between the 8 towers, most of which are low in height. The 3 western towers of square plan, the others circular. To the south and east of the north west square and circular high towers are foundations of kitchen buildings, a hall and solar and a C16 lead melting hearth. The Barbican adjoins the 3 storey High Tower to the west. Low level north tower. The north east tower outer walls are of 3 storeys, with plinth and band of panelled stone and knapped flint over, 2 small square headed windows to ground and first floors and part of a similar window to upper storey, part of a flue to inner wall. South east tower of 3 storeys, with only the western face demolished. Plinth. Knapped flint band over. Each floor with 3 square headed variously spaced windows visible externally. Holes for bars visible. Various putlog holes. Within the south west wall is a garderobe, with chutes discharging externally onto the plinth through 3 square headed openings with sloped cills. 2 flues to north. The south side of the bailey has slipped downhill, but remains of the south and south west towers can be identified. Wall bases of former residential buildings lie between these 2 towers. Low level remains of west tower. The castle is of exceptional interest, being the only work of its type in the country. There is documentary evidence of the progress of the work in 1365-6. (Listed building report)

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law

This is a Grade 1 listed building protected by law

Historic England Scheduled Monument Number
Historic England Listed Building number(s)
Images Of England
Historic England (PastScape) Defra or Monument number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceTQ810860
Latitude51.5443687438965
Longitude0.608959972858429
Eastings581010
Northings186050
HyperLink HyperLink HyperLink
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
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Books

  • Osbourne, Mike, 2013, Defending Essex (Stroud: The History Press) p. 28
  • Goodall, John, 2011, The English Castle 1066-1650 (Yale University Press) p. 291-2, 509n59
  • Neville, David, 2003, Lost Castles of Essex (Ian Henry) p. 63-8
  • Clarke, R., 2002, Preliminary survey and recording at Hadleigh Castle, Essex
  • Salter, Mike, 2001, The Castles of East Anglia (Malvern: Folly Publications) p. 30-2
  • Pettifer, A., 1995, English Castles, A guide by counties (Woodbridge: Boydell Press) p. 72-3
  • Colin Platt, 1984, Medieval Britain from the air p. 184-5
  • King, D.J.C., 1983, Castellarium Anglicanum (London: Kraus) Vol. 1 p. 144-5
  • Fry, P.S., 1980, Castles of the British Isles (David and Charles) p. 238
  • Pevsner, N., 1965, Buildings of England: Essex (London, Penguin, 2edn. revised by E. Radcliffe)
  • Colvin, H.M., Brown, R.Allen and Taylor, A.J., 1963, The history of the King's Works Vol. 2: the Middle Ages (London: HMSO) p. 659-666
  • RCHME, 1923, An inventory of the historical monuments in Essex Vol. 4 (south-east) p. 63-66 no. 2 plan online transcription
  • Harvey, Alfred, 1911, Castles and Walled Towns of England (London: Methuen and Co)
  • Mackenzie, J.D., 1897, Castles of England Vol. 1 p. 1 p. 260-1 online copy
  • Morant, 1868, History and Antiquities of County of Essex (London) Vol. 1 p. 279-80
  • Grose, Francis, 1785 (new edn orig 1756), Antiquities of England and Wales (London) Vol. 2 p. 119-23 online copy
  • Buck, Samuel and Nathaniel, 1774, Buck's Antiquities (London) Vol. 1 p. 92

Antiquarian

Journals

  • Guy, Neil, et al, 2011-12, 'CSG Annual Conference April 2011' Castle Studies Group Journal Vol. 25 p. 94-7
  • 2010-11, 'Hadleigh Castle' Castle Studies Group Journal Vol. 24 p. 216 (news report)
  • Alexander, M. and Westlake, S., 2009, 'Hadleigh Castle, Essex' English Heritage Historical Review Vol. 4 p. 4-21 abstract and online purchase
  • Ennis, T. and Roy, M., 2007 (published 2009), 'Excavations at Hadleigh Castle, 2004' Essex Archaeology and History Vol. 38 p. 198-203
  • 1983, Essex Archaeological Society Transactions Vol. 15 p. 175-176
  • Drewett, P.L., 1975, 'Excavations at Hadleigh Castle Essex, 1971-72' Journal British Archaeological Association (ser3) Vol. 38 p. 90-154
  • 1974, Essex Archaeological Society Transactions Vol. 48 p. 7
  • (Drewett) in Webster, L.E. and Cherry, J., 1973, 'Medieval Britain in 1972' Medieval Archaeology Vol. 17 p. 161-2 download copy
  • Drewett, 1973, Essex Journal Vol. 8 p. 79-87 (excavations)
  • (Drewett) in Webster, L.E. and Cherry, J., 1972, 'Medieval Britain in 1971' Medieval Archaeology Vol. 16 p. 179-181 download copy
  • Drewett, 1972, Essex Journal Vol. 7 p. 37-44 (excavations)
  • Sparvel-Bayly, J.A., 1889, The Antiquary Vol. 19 p. 202-6
  • Sparvel-Bayly, J.A., 1881, 'Hadleigh Castle, Essex' The Archaeological Journal Vol. 38 p. 201-6 online copy
  • Sparvel-Bayly, J.A., 1878, Essex Archaeological Society Transactions (new ser) Vol. 1 p. 86-108, 187-92 (records)
  • King, H.W., 1869, 'Notes on recent excavations at Hadleigh Castle' Essex Archaeological Society Transactions Vol. 4 p. 70-81 online copy
  • King, H.W., 1863, 'Hadleigh Castle' Essex Archaeological Society Transactions Vol. 2 p. 82-92 online copy

Guide Books

  • Anon, 1978 (2edn), Hadleigh Castle (HMSO)
  • Anon, 1963, Hadleigh Castle_ i>(HMSO)

Primary Sources

  • Maxwell Lyte, H.C. (ed), 1903, Calendar of Patent Rolls Henry III (1225-32) Vol. 2 p. 417, 422 online copy
  • Rickard, John, 2002, The Castle Community. The Personnel of English and Welsh Castles, 1272-1422 (Boydell Press) (lists sources for 1272-1422) p. 192-4
  • C145/9(26) (Survey of 1256) The National Archives reference (calendared in Maxwell Lyte, H.C., 1916, Calendar of Inquisitions Miscellaneous (Chancery), preserved in the Public Record Office (H.M.S.O.) Vol. 1 No. 223)
  • E142/80(4) (Survey of 3 Edward I) The National Archives reference

Other

  • < >Alexander, M. and Westlake, S., 2009, Hadleigh Castle Essex, Earthwork Analysis. Survey Report (English Heritage Research Department Report series 32-2009) Download copy < >