Tickhill Castle

Has been described as a Certain Timber Castle (Motte), and also as a Certain Masonry Castle

There are masonry ruins/remnants remains

NameTickhill Castle
Alternative NamesTikehilla; Tikehille; Tikehull'; Tikehelle
Historic CountryYorkshire
Modern AuthorityDoncaster
1974 AuthoritySouth Yorkshire
Civil ParishTickhill

Tickhill Castle is not mentioned in the Domesday Survey, but the place is covered by the entry for Dadesley. Roger de Bulsi held part of Dadesley Manor and had a castle at Blythe, (Ordericus, xi, ch. iii) later fortified by Robert of Belesme in 1101. The name Blythe was probably used as that of the nearest known town of importance. The castle was besieged and captured in 1101 by royal forces under the Bishop of Lincoln. It was invested and taken by Hugh Pudsey, Bishop of Durham. As a royal castle it was besieged by Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, in 1322, but not taken. A domestic chapel was built for Eleanor of Aquitaine. During the Civil War it was garrisoned for the King and surrendered in 1646 (Illingworth 1970).

Excavation in 1961 showed that the tower was eleven sided and irregularly placed on a circular plinth. There is evidence to suggest it was not a shell keep (Med. Arch 1962-3).

Tickhill Castle House (probably 17th century and perhaps built after the Parliamentary slighting in 1646), possibly incorporates medieval remains (Listed Building Report).

Tickhill was the principal castle of the honour of Blyth, and was forfeited to the Crown after the failure of Robert of Belleme's rebellion in 1102. It was captured by Henry of Anjou in 1153 and retained by Henry when he ascended the throne. During his reign expenditure was granted for the keep and a stone bridge. King John spent heavily on the castle, including the construction of a barbican. although the present barbican is probably a 15th century addition. The castle was intermittently held by the Crown, although granted to the Queen or royal custodians, until the reign of Edward IV (HKW).

A Medieval motte and bailey castle, surrounding moat, curtain wall, gatehouse and other structures, are visible as earthworks and structures on air photographs. They are centred at SK 5934 9285.

The motte is c.66m in diameter with a 23m diameter platform

Around the eastern half there is the visible remains of a moat which is approximately 20m wide. To the west lies the bailey which is surrounded by a curtain wall with associated structures, including a gatehouse and entrance facing west. (PastScape 318964)

The mount, on which the shell keep was situated, is partly a natural knoll of sandstone. It is 75' high and approx. 80' in diameter at the top. Only the foundations of the Keep remain, showing it to have been a ten-sided structure. The Pipe Rolls of 1178 and 1179 show three entries for work on the turns at TICKHILL (Illingworth).

The steep sides of the mound are tree and bush covered. It has been mutilated in the lower reaches by landscape gardening, and terraced paths extend throughout its height.

The foundations of the decagonal keep stand to a height of 0.2 m. above ground level, and are 0.3 m. thick. The buttresses project 0.3 m., and are 0.8 m. wide (F1 RWE 10-FEB-60).

Survey of 10-2-60 revised. The Keep is now shown to be of circular form with the uncovering of its outer wall during the course of a recent, but unscientific excavation by Mr. R. Young (F2 RWE 17-JAN-65). (PastScape 318982)

The original castle was a motte and bailey of considerable size, for the motte is 75 feet high and 80 feet in diameter at the top and the bailey covers two acres. Beyond the massive rampart of the bailey is a deep ditch, which is 30ft wide and still filled with water in its southern and western parts. (South Yorkshire SMR ref. Hey, 1979)

Early Norman motte and bailey with C12 replacement of defences in Stone. Gatehouse, altered in C15 and C16, is of this period, as is keep and curtain wall. Present house, reputedly on site of chapel to St. Nicholas, founded by Eleanor of Aquitaine, is mainly post 1646, when castle dismantled, but is alleged to incorporate portions of the Norman domestic quarters including a round-headed arch. (Magilton)

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law

This is a Grade 2* listed building protected by law

Historic England Scheduled Monument Number
Historic England Listed Building number(s)
Images Of England
Historic England (PastScape) Defra or Monument number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceSK593928
Latitude53.4292907714844
Longitude-1.1086699962616
Eastings459320
Northings392870
HyperLink HyperLink HyperLink
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photo by Philip Davis All Rights Reserved
Photo by Philip Davis All Rights Reserved
Photo by Philip Davis All Rights Reserved
Photo by Philip Davis All Rights Reserved
Photo by Philip Davis All Rights Reserved
Photo by Philip Davis All Rights Reserved
Photo by Philip Davis All Rights Reserved
Photo by Philip Davis All Rights Reserved
Photo by Philip Davis All Rights Reserved
Photo by Philip Davis All Rights Reserved
Photo by Philip Davis All Rights Reserved
Photo by Philip Davis All Rights Reserved
Photo by Philip Davis All Rights Reserved
Photo by Philip Davis All Rights Reserved
Photo by Philip Davis All Rights Reserved
Photo by Philip Davis All Rights Reserved
Photo by Philip Davis All Rights Reserved
Photo by Philip Davis All Rights Reserved
Photo by Philip Davis All Rights Reserved
Photo by Philip Davis All Rights Reserved
Photo by Philip Davis All Rights Reserved
Photo by Philip Davis All Rights Reserved
Photo by Philip Davis All Rights Reserved
Photo by Philip Davis All Rights Reserved
Photo by Philip Davis All Rights Reserved
Photo by Philip Davis All Rights Reserved
Photo by Philip Davis All Rights Reserved
Photo by Philip Davis All Rights Reserved
Photo by Philip Davis All Rights Reserved
Photo by Philip Davis All Rights Reserved
Photo by Philip Davis All Rights Reserved
Photo by Philip Davis All Rights Reserved
Photo by Philip Davis All Rights Reserved
Photo by Philip Davis All Rights Reserved
Photo by Philip Davis All Rights Reserved
Photo by Philip Davis All Rights Reserved
Photo by Philip Davis All Rights Reserved
Photo by Philip Davis All Rights Reserved

Most of the sites or buildings recorded in this web site are NOT open to the public and permission to visit a site must always be sought from the landowner or tenant.

Calculate Print

Books

  • Goodall, John, 2011, The English Castle 1066-1650 (Yale University Press) passim
  • Purton, P.F., 2009, A History of the Early Medieval Siege c. 450-1220 (Woodbridge: The Boydell Press) p. 172
  • Turner, Maurice, 2004, Yorkshire Castles: Exploring Historic Yorkshire (Otley: Westbury Publishing) passim
  • Hey, David, 2003, Medieval South Yorkshire (Landmark Publishing) p. 70-1
  • Salter, Mike, 2001, The Castles and Tower Houses of Yorkshire (Malvern: Folly Publications) p. 105
  • Ingham, Bernard, 2001, Bernard Ingham's Yorkshire Castles (Dalesman) p. 58-9
  • Pettifer, A., 1995, English Castles, A guide by counties (Woodbridge: Boydell Press) p. 309-10
  • Brown, R.Allen, 1989, Castles from the Air (Cambridge University Press) p. 214-6
  • King, D.J.C., 1983, Castellarium Anglicanum (London: Kraus) Vol. 2 p. 527
  • Ryder, P.F., 1982 (paperback edn 1992), The Medieval Buildings of Yorkshire (Ash Grove Book) p. 87-107
  • Fry, P.S., 1980, Castles of the British Isles (David and Charles) p. 306 p. 527
  • Hey, David, 1979, The Making of South Yorkshire p. 48
  • Magilton, J.R., 1977, The Doncaster District: An Archaeological Survey (Doncaster) p. 75, 76, 79
  • Chibnall, M., 1976, 'Robert of Bellême and the castle of Tickhill' in Droit Privé et Institutions Régionales: Etudes Historiques Offertes à Jean Yver (Presses Universitaires de France) p. 151-6
  • Renn, D.F., 1973 (2 edn.), Norman Castles of Britain (London: John Baker) p. 322
  • Pevsner, N. Revised by Enid Radcliffe, 1967, Buildings of England: Yorkshire: West Riding (London, Penguin) p. 520-1
  • Colvin, H.M., Brown, R.Allen and Taylor, A.J., 1963, The history of the King's Works Vol. 2: the Middle Ages (London: HMSO) p. 844-7
  • Illingworth, J.L., 1938 (republished 1970), Yorkshire's Ruined Castles (Wakefield) p. 112-3
  • Hall, 1931, South Yorkshire Historical Sketches (Sheffield) p. 62-8 (slight history)
  • Armitage, Ella, 1912, The Early Norman Castles of the British Isles (London: John Murray) p. 219-20 online copy
  • Armitage and Montgomerie, 1912, in Page, Wm (ed), VCH Yorkshire Vol. 2 p. 39-40
  • Harvey, Alfred, 1911, Castles and Walled Towns of England (London: Methuen and Co)
  • Armitage, Ella S., 1905, A key to English antiquites with special reference to the Sheffield and Rotherham district (London: J.M. Dent and Co) p. 89-96 online copy
  • Mackenzie, J.D., 1896, Castles of England; their story and structure (New York: Macmillan) Vol. 2 p. 269-71 online copy
  • Clark, G.T., 1884, Mediaeval Military Architecture in England (Wyman and Sons) Vol. 2 p. 494-6 online copy
  • Raine, John, 1860, 'De Builli, the First Norman Lord of the Honour of Tickhill, and Founder of the Monastery of Blyth' The History and Antiquities of the Parish of Blyth (Westminster: J.B. Nichols and sons) online transcription
  • Turner, T.H. and Parker, J.H., 1859, Some account of Domestic Architecture in England (Oxford) Vol. 3 Part 2 p. 211 online copy
  • Grainge, W., 1855, Castles and Abbeys of Yorkshire p. 1-10 online copy
  • King, Edward, 1782, Observations on Antient Castles (London) p. 90-3

Antiquarian

  • Camden, Wm, 1607, Britannia hypertext critical edition by Dana F. Sutton (2004)
  • Chandler, John, 1993, John Leland's Itinerary: travels in Tudor England  (Sutton Publishing) p. 300, 349, 525
  • Toulmin-Smith, Lucy (ed), 1907, The itinerary of John Leland in or about the years 1535-1543 (London: Bell and Sons) Vol. 1 p. 35 online copy ; Vol. 4 p. 15 [online copy > http://archive.org/stream/itineraryofjohnl04lelauoft#page/15/mode/1up]

Journals

  • Neil Guy, 2015-16, 'The Portcullis - design and development' Castle Studies Group Journal Vol. 29 p. 132-201
  • Burton, Peter, A., 2011, 'Tickhill Castle, Yorkshire' Castle Studies Group Bulletin Vol. 13 p. 10-11
  • Creighton, O.H., 2004, ''The Rich Man in his Castle, The Poor Man at His Gate': Castle Baileys and Settlement Patterns in Norman England' Cha^teau Gaillard Vol. 21 p. 25-36
  • Stanford, C., 2000 Nov, 'On Preserving our ruins' Journal of Architectural Conservation Vol. 3
  • Harfield, C.G., 1991, 'A Hand-list of Castles Recorded in the Domesday Book' English Historical Review Vol. 106 p. 371-392 view online copy (subscription required)
  • 1988, 'The Yorkshire Archaeological Register: 1987' Yorkshire Archaeological Journal Vol. 60 p. 186
  • Thompson, M.W., 1986, 'Associated monasteries and castles in the Middle Ages: a tentative list' The Archaeological Journal Vol. 143 p. 308, 316
  • Birch, J., 1981, 'The castles and fortified houses of South Yorkshire' The Archaeological Journal Vol. 137 p. 374-6
  • Birch, J., 1980, 'Tickhill Castle' The Archaeological Journal Vol. 137 p. 416-17
  • Magilton, J.R., 1971-7, 'Tickhill: the topography of a medieval town' Transactions of the Hunter Archaeological Society Vol. 10 p. 344-9
  • King, D.J.Cathcart, 1972, 'The Field Archaeology of mottes; Eine kurze übersicht' Château Gaillard Vol. 5 p. 101-112
  • (Young), 1962-3, Medieval Archaeology Vol. 6-7 p. 325 download copy
  • Brown, R. Allen, 1959, 'A List of Castles, 1154–1216' English Historical Review Vol. 74 p. 249-280 (Reprinted in Brown, R. Allen, 1989, Castles, conquest and charters: collected papers (Woodbridge: Boydell Press) p. 90-121) view online copy (subscription required)
  • Brown, R. Allen, 1955, 'Royal Castle-building in England 1154-1216' English Historical Review Vol. 70 (Reprinted in Brown, R. Allen, 1989, Castles, conquest and charters: collected papers (Woodbridge: Boydell Press)) p. 19-64
  • Walker, John Holland,, 1937, 'Tickhill Castle' Transactions of the Thoroton Society of Nottinghamshire Vol. 41 p. 91-94
  • 1920-4, Transactions of the Hunter Archaeological Society Vol. 2 p. 211
  • Chalkley Gould, I., 1904, 'Some early defensive earthworks of the Sheffield district' Journal of the British Archaeological Association Vol. 10 p. 29-42 esp. 38 (slight) online copy
  • Clark, G.T., 1889, 'Contribution towards a complete list of moated mounds or burhs' The Archaeological Journal Vol. 46 p. 197-217 esp. 216 online copy
  • Clark, G.T., 1874, The Builder Vol. 32 p. 126-7 (reprinted in MMA)
  • King, Edward, 1782, 'Sequel to the observations on Ancient Castles' Archaeologia Vol. 6 p. 266-9 (reprinted in Antient Castles)

Primary Sources

  • Rickard, John, 2002, The Castle Community. The Personnel of English and Welsh Castles, 1272-1422 (Boydell Press) (lists sources for 1272-1422) p. 500-502
  • Chibnall, Majorie (ed), 1978, Orderic Vitalis, Historia Ecclesiastica book XI (Oxford: Clarendon Press) Vol. 6 p. 20 (Clearly a reference to Tickhill although called Blyth) online copy
  • Johnson, C. and Cronne, H.A. (eds), 1956, Regesta Regum Anglo-Normannorum, 1066–1154 Vol. 2 Regesta Henrici Primi 1100-1135 p. 23 no. 598 online copy
  • 1907, The Great Roll of the Pipe for the twenty-fifth year of the reign of King Henry II A.D. 1178-1179 (Pipe Roll Society 28) p. 26 online copy
  • 1908, The Great Roll of the Pipe for the twenty-sixth year of the reign of King Henry II A.D. 1179-1180 (Pipe Roll Society 29) p. 76 online copy
  • Hardy, T.D. (ed), 1844, Rotuli de Liberate ac de Misis et Praestitis, regnante Johanne (Record Commission) p. 116 online copy
  • Stubbs, W. (ed), 1880, The Minor Works comprising the Gesta regum with its continuation, the Actus pontificum, and the Mappa mundi, by Gervase, the Monk of Canterbury (London: Longman Rolls series 73) Vol. 2 p. 440 online copy
  • Brown, W., 1886, 'View of the Castles of Tickhill and Conisbrough' Yorkshire Archaeological Journal Vol. 9 p. 221-2 (Description from 1537) online copy
  • DL3/48, No. 9 (Survey of 37 Henry VIII) The National Archives reference
  • DL3/69, No. 14 (Survey of 3 & 4 Philip and Mary) The National Archives reference
  • DL44/113 (Survey of 6 Elizabeth) The National Archives reference
  • DL44/272 (Survey of 20 Elizabeth) The National Archives reference
  • DL44/322 (Survey of 24 Elizabeth) The National Archives reference
  • DL44/410 (Survey of 29 Elizabeth) The National Archives reference
  • DL44/914 (Survey of 10 James I) The National Archives reference
  • SC11/544 (Survey of 14 Edward II) The National Archives reference
  • SC12/17/63 (Survey of 29 Henry VIII) The National Archives reference
  • SP14/49/82 (Survey of 1609) The National Archives reference

Other

  • Historic England, 2015, Heritage at Risk Yorkshire Register 2015 (London: Historic England) p. 79 online copy
  • English Heritage, 2014, Heritage at Risk Register 2014 Yorkshire (London: English Heritage) p. 89 online copy
  • English Heritage, 2013, Heritage at Risk Register 2013 Yorkshire (London: English Heritage) p. 93 online copy
  • English Heritage, 2012, Heritage at Risk Register 2012 Yorkshire and the Humber (London: English Heritage) p. 114 online copy
  • English Heritage, 2011, Heritage at Risk Register 2011 Yorkshire and the Humber (London: English Heritage) p. 106 online copy
  • English Heritage, 2010, Heritage at Risk Register 2010 Yorkshire and the Humber (London: English Heritage) p. 110 online copy
  • English Heritage, 2009, Heritage at Risk Register 2009 Yorkshire and the Humber (London: English Heritage) p. 120 online copy
  • Constable, Christopher, 2003, Aspects of the archaeology of the castle in the north of England C 1066-1216 (Doctoral thesis, Durham University) Available at Durham E-Theses Online