Adwick le Street Castle Hills

Has been described as a Certain Timber Castle (Motte)

There are earthwork remains

NameAdwick le Street Castle Hills
Alternative NamesHangthwaite; Langthwaithe; Hangtwaite
Historic CountryYorkshire
Modern AuthorityDoncaster
1974 AuthoritySouth Yorkshire
Civil ParishDoncaster

a 4m-5m high motte with a kidney-shaped inner bailey to the north and a sub-rectangular outer bailey to the east. The inner bailey is c.30m across and the outer c.70m x 40m. On the west side, between the motte and inner bailey, a 2m high oval mound forms the end of a rampart circling the motte to the south west and has been interpreted as a defended approach to the monument. The surviving rampart is at its highest at this point, rising c.2m above the ditch round the motte. Following the lane east, then turning north round the outer bailey, it flattens to c.1m high but widens to c.7m, dropping c.2m into the outer ditch. Traces are hard to find on the north side, but a separate 1.5m high rampart surrounds the inner bailey, double in places with a ditch between. The complexity of the earthworks suggest it was a monument of some importance. Certainly it commanded the manor of Langthwaite (later Hangthwaite), one of six held by Nigel Fossard in 1086 from the Count of Mortain. In the later Middle Ages, it was superseded by Radcliffe moat c.500m to the ENE. Between the two are faint earthworks marking the village site. The monument would also have dominated the approach to the village along what is now Langthwaite Lane. (Scheduling Report)

A rare undisturbed example of a waterlogged motte and bailey castle, with a well preserved moated manor house nearby, and the lost village of Hangthwaite in the same vicinity. An English silver penny, unidentified, was found near the site in 1970. (Magilton)

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law

Not Listed

Historic England (PastScape) Defra or Monument number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceSE551067
Latitude53.5546188354492
Longitude-1.16914999485016
Eastings455130
Northings406700
HyperLink HyperLink HyperLink
Copyright Bill Henderson and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons license.

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Books

  • Hey, David, 2003, Medieval South Yorkshire (Landmark Publishing) p. 74-5, 157
  • Salter, Mike, 2001, The Castles and Tower Houses of Yorkshire (Malvern: Folly Publications) p. 40
  • Pettifer, A., 1995, English Castles, A guide by counties (Woodbridge: Boydell Press) p. 310 (slight)
  • King, D.J.C., 1983, Castellarium Anglicanum (London: Kraus) Vol. 2 p. 512
  • Ryder, P.F., 1982 (paperback edn 1992), The Medieval Buildings of Yorkshire (Ash Grove Book) p. 87-107
  • Magilton, J.R., 1977, The Doncaster District: An Archaeological Survey (Doncaster) p. 3
  • Illingworth, J.L., 1938 (republished 1970), Yorkshire's Ruined Castles (Wakefield) p. 27, 128
  • Armitage and Montgomerie, 1912, in Page, Wm (ed), VCH Yorkshire Vol. 2 p. 32

Journals

  • Birch, J., 1981, 'The castles and fortified houses of South Yorkshire' The Archaeological Journal Vol. 137 p. 374-6
  • Addy, 1914-18, 'Some Defensive Earthworks in the neighbourhood of Sheffield' Transactions of the Hunter Archaeological Society Vol. 1 p. 361-2 and plates
  • Clark, G.T., 1889, 'Contribution towards a complete list of moated mounds or burhs' The Archaeological Journal Vol. 46 p. 197-217 esp. 214 online copy

Other

  • Historic England, 2015, Heritage at Risk Yorkshire Register 2015 (London: Historic England) p. 77 online copy
  • English Heritage, 2014, Heritage at Risk Register 2014 Yorkshire (London: English Heritage) p. 87 online copy
  • English Heritage, 2013, Heritage at Risk Register 2013 Yorkshire (London: English Heritage) p. 91 online copy
  • English Heritage, 2012, Heritage at Risk Register 2012 Yorkshire and the Humber (London: English Heritage) p. 113 online copy
  • English Heritage, 2011, Heritage at Risk Register 2011 Yorkshire and the Humber (London: English Heritage) p. 105 online copy
  • English Heritage, 2010, Heritage at Risk Register 2010 Yorkshire and the Humber (London: English Heritage) p. 108 online copy
  • English Heritage, 2009, Heritage at Risk Register 2009 Yorkshire and the Humber (London: English Heritage) p. 118 online copy
  • Constable, Christopher, 2003, Aspects of the archaeology of the castle in the north of England C 1066-1216 (Doctoral thesis, Durham University) Available at Durham E-Theses Online