Adwick le Street Castle Hills

Has been described as a Certain Timber Castle (Motte)

There are earthwork remains

NameAdwick le Street Castle Hills
Alternative NamesHangthwaite; Langthwaithe; Hangtwaite
Historic CountryYorkshire
Modern AuthorityDoncaster
1974 AuthoritySouth Yorkshire
Civil ParishDoncaster

a 4m-5m high motte with a kidney-shaped inner bailey to the north and a sub-rectangular outer bailey to the east. The inner bailey is c.30m across and the outer c.70m x 40m. On the west side, between the motte and inner bailey, a 2m high oval mound forms the end of a rampart circling the motte to the south west and has been interpreted as a defended approach to the monument. The surviving rampart is at its highest at this point, rising c.2m above the ditch round the motte. Following the lane east, then turning north round the outer bailey, it flattens to c.1m high but widens to c.7m, dropping c.2m into the outer ditch. Traces are hard to find on the north side, but a separate 1.5m high rampart surrounds the inner bailey, double in places with a ditch between. The complexity of the earthworks suggest it was a monument of some importance. Certainly it commanded the manor of Langthwaite (later Hangthwaite), one of six held by Nigel Fossard in 1086 from the Count of Mortain. In the later Middle Ages, it was superseded by Radcliffe moat c.500m to the ENE. Between the two are faint earthworks marking the village site. The monument would also have dominated the approach to the village along what is now Langthwaite Lane. (Scheduling Report)

A rare undisturbed example of a waterlogged motte and bailey castle, with a well preserved moated manor house nearby, and the lost village of Hangthwaite in the same vicinity. An English silver penny, unidentified, was found near the site in 1970. (Magilton)

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law

Not Listed

Historic England (PastScape) Defra or Monument number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceSE551067
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