Walworth Castle

Has been described as a Certain Fortified Manor House

There are masonry ruins/remnants remains

NameWalworth Castle
Alternative NamesWalworth Hall; High Walworth
Historic CountryDurham
Modern AuthorityDarlington
1974 AuthorityCounty Durham
Civil ParishWalworth

The ancient manor and estate of Walworth, lies three miles to the South-west of Heighington. The Hansards are the earliest owners on record; but it is evident that the founder of the line was a cadet of the house of Raby, Gilbert le Halsart, son of the younger Meldred, and brother of that Robert Fitz-Meldred who married the heir of Neville. His descendants held Walworth in long lineal succession. In 1466 an escheat describes the manor as including, One chief messuage, with divers outhouses, two granaries, a stable, and sheepfold, value per ann. xiiis. iiiid.; twelve cottages, xxxs.; 400 acres of arable land, xxiiiil.; 200 acres of pasture, cs.; 20 acres of meadow, xxiiis. 4d.. The house of Walworth, a handsome spacious mansion, is said to have been reared from its ruins in the reign of Elizabeth, by Thomas Jennison, an Auditor in Ireland, who purchased from the Ayscoughs. The chief front, a straight curtain betwixt two circular towers, looks Southward over soft even grounds, richly sprinkled with wood, and sloping gradually to the Tees. The North front looks upward against the hill. Its windows, with stone mullions and transoms, seem of earlier architecture: the stained glass mentioned by Hutchinson is removed. (Surtees)

Mansion now hotel. Circa 1600, possibly by Thomas Holt for Thomas Jennison, incorporating an earlier structure. (Listed Building Report)

Gatehouse Comments

The earliest surviving structure appears to be the southwest tower and a portion of the south wall adjoining it. This tower contains six blocked-up openings, including two keyhole-shaped windows at ground level, and may be of Medieval date.

- Philip Davis

Not scheduled

This is a Grade 1 listed building protected by law

Historic England Scheduled Monument Number
Historic England Listed Building number(s)
Images Of England
Historic England (PastScape) Defra or Monument number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceNZ231188
Latitude54.5642700195313
Longitude-1.64379000663757
Eastings423100
Northings518860
HyperLink HyperLink HyperLink
Photograph by Matthew Emmott. All rights reserved
Photograph by Matthew Emmott. All rights reserved
Photograph by Matthew Emmott. All rights reserved
Photograph by Matthew Emmott. All rights reserved
Photograph by Matthew Emmott. All rights reserved
Photograph by Matthew Emmott. All rights reserved
Photograph by Matthew Emmott. All rights reserved
Photograph by Matthew Emmott. All rights reserved
Copyright Dave Barlow of Abaroths World All rights reserved
Copyright Dave Barlow of Abaroths World All rights reserved
Copyright Dave Barlow of Abaroths World All rights reserved
Copyright Dave Barlow of Abaroths World All rights reserved
Copyright Dave Barlow of Abaroths World All rights reserved
Copyright Dave Barlow of Abaroths World All rights reserved
Copyright Dave Barlow of Abaroths World All rights reserved

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Books

  • Goodall, John, 2011, The English Castle 1066-1650 (Yale University Press) p. 458
  • Salter, Mike, 2002, The Castles and Tower Houses of County Durham (Malvern: Folly Publications) p. 58-9
  • Jackson, M.J., 1996, Castles of Durham and Cleveland (Carlisle) p. 74
  • Pevsner, Nikolaus (revised by Elizabeth Williamson), 1983, Buildings of England: Durham (Harmondsworth) p. 482-3
  • Hugill, Robert, 1979, The Castles and Towers of the County of Durham (Newcastle; Frank Graham) p. 95-6
  • Whittaker, N., 1975, The Old Halls and Manor Houses of County Durham
  • Harvey, Alfred, 1911, Castles and Walled Towns of England (London: Methuen and Co)
  • Whellan, F., 1894 (2edn), History, Topography and Directory of the County of Durham p. 521
  • Boyle, J.R., 1892, Comprehensive Guide to the County of Durham (Newcastle) p. 666-8
  • Surtees, R., 1823, The History and Antiquities of the County Palatine of Durham Vol. 3 (Durham) p. 316 online transcription
  • Brayley, E. and Britton, J., 1803, Beauties of England and Wales; Durham Vol. 5 p. 222

Journals

  • Kenyon, J.R., 1981 'Early Artillery Fortifications in England and Wales: a Preliminary Survey and Re-appraisal' The Archaeological Journal Vol. 138 p. 228