Pulford Castle

Has been described as a Certain Timber Castle (Motte)

There are earthwork remains

NamePulford Castle
Alternative NamesPoulefourd; Pulsford
Historic CountryCheshire
Modern AuthorityCheshire
1974 AuthorityCheshire
Civil ParishPulford

Motte and bailey castle surviving as an earthwork, comprising a mound with a strong encircling earthwork, except on the south where the defence is the Pulford brook. Mentioned in late C12. Garrisoned in 1403 (This reference, from Ormerod, is not absolutely certain; the owner was told to go to his estates and guard them, but the castle does not seem to be mentioned). Camden writes "Poulefourd, where in the reigne of Henrie the Third Sir Raulph of Ormesby had his Castle"

Pulford Castle. First mentioned in the late C12. The manor belonged to the Canons of St Werburgh and to Hugh Fitz Osbern in 1086. Later the Ormesbees and the Pulfords held it between them. C.1245 the Ormesbees granted their share of the manor and castle to the Pulfords. In 1403 Sir Thomas le Grosvenor was ordered by Henry IV to hold Pulford Castle against Owen Glendower. Castle is situated on the north bank of Pulford Brook immediately southwest of St Mary's churchyard. The earthworks are well preserved. (Cheshire HER)

Motte of Pulford Castle. Motte is 3m high, 9m across the top W-E and 11m N-S. Slopes south towards the stream which serves as southern boundary of the site's defences. There has been a certain amount of soil slip and old sheep paths on the south side of the motte. The motte is surrounded by a shallow ditch 5-6m wide on all sides except the south, where the stream lies. Traces of outer bank to the SE of Motte and substantial bank between stream and bailey. Bailey lies to NW of Motte. (Cheshire HER)

mentioned in a document of about 1190-1200 (Tudor copy in Lincoln Archives Office, M.M. 1/3/1) when one Hacon agreed to hold Lincolnshire lands – et faciet servicium unius militis ad custodiam de Pulford scilicet per quadragesime dies unoquoque anno. (Renn 1973)

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law

Not Listed

Historic England (PastScape) Defra or Monument number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceSJ375587
Latitude53.1217613220215
Longitude-2.93494009971619
Eastings337530
Northings358700
HyperLink HyperLink HyperLink
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Copyright Dave Barlow of Abaroths World All Rights Reserved
Copyright Dave Barlow of Abaroths World All Rights Reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved
Photograph by Philip Davis. All rights reserved

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Books

  • Grimsditch, Brian, Nevell, Michael and Nevell, Richard, 2012, Buckton Castle and the Castles of the North West England (University of Salford Archaeological Monograph 2) p. 112
  • Salter, Mike, 2002, Index and Amendments to Mike Salter's English Castles Books (Malvern: Folly Publications) p. 10
  • Salter, Mike, 2001, The Castles and Tower Houses of Lancashire and Cheshire (Malvern: Folly Publications) p. 21
  • Pettifer, A., 1995, English Castles, A guide by counties (Woodbridge: Boydell Press) p. 17 (slight)
  • Cullen, P.W. and Hordern, R., 1986, Castles of Cheshire (Crossbow Books) p. 10
  • King, D.J.C., 1983, Castellarium Anglicanum (London: Kraus) Vol. 1 p. 68
  • Fry, P.S., 1980, Castles of the British Isles (David and Charles) p. 282
  • Renn, D.F., 1973 (2 edn.), Norman Castles of Britain (London: John Baker) p. 288
  • Ridgway, Maurice Hill, 1958, 'Medieval Castles' in Sylvester, D. and Nulty, G. (eds), The Historical Atlas of Cheshire (Cheshire Community Council) p. 24-5
  • Harvey, Alfred, 1911, Castles and Walled Towns of England (London: Methuen and Co)
  • Mackenzie, J.D., 1896, Castles of England; their story and structure (New York: Macmillan) Vol. 2 p. 178 online copy
  • Ormerod, G., 1882 (2edn), History of the County Palatine and city of Chester (London) Vol. 2 p. 857
  • Ormerod, G., 1819, History of the County Palatine and city of Chester (London) Vol. 2 p. 460-62 (tenurial history) online copy

Antiquarian

Journals

  • Reynolds, Susan and White, Graeme, 1997-98, 'A Survey of Pulford Castle' Cheshire History Vol. 37 p. 23-25
  • Hogg, A.H.A. and King, D.J.C., 1967, 'Masonry castles in Wales and the Marches: a list' Archaeologia Cambrensis Vol. 116 p. 71-132 (survived into C13 without being rebuilt in stone)
  • Hogg, A.H.A. and King, D.J.C., 1963, 'Early castles in Wales and the Marches: a preliminary list' Archaeologia Cambrensis Vol. 112 p. 77-124
  • Brown, R. Allen, 1959, 'A List of Castles, 1154–1216' English Historical Review Vol. 74 p. 249-280 (Reprinted in Brown, R. Allen, 1989, Castles, conquest and charters: collected papers (Woodbridge: Boydell Press) p. 90-121) view online copy (subscription required)
  • Clark, G.T., 1889, 'Contribution towards a complete list of moated mounds or burhs' The Archaeological Journal Vol. 46 p. 197-217 esp. 202 online copy