Oakmere Harthhill Bank

Has been described as a Possible Timber Castle (Motte)

There are earthwork remains

NameOakmere Harthhill Bank
Alternative NamesHart Hill, Ocmere
Historic CountryCheshire
Modern AuthorityCheshire
1974 AuthorityCheshire
Civil ParishOakmere

Motte and bailey surviving as an earthwork. A bank 3m high internally and 4 to 5m externally encloses an area approximately 50m by 40m. Scheduled. Some authorities are sceptical as to whether the monument is a motte. (PastScape)

A bank averaging 3.0m high internally, and 4 to 5.0m externally, roughly horseshoe - shaped in plan with the open end to the south encloses an area approximately 50.0m by 40.0m. It is separated from a central knoll by a ditch roughly U-shaped in section. On the NW and NE sides there are slopes down to a stream. To the S the rising ground has been dug into up to the line of a fence beyond which undulating sandhills continue. There is a large active sand quarry on the other side of Gallowsclough Lane to the SE. Whilst the bank is undoubtedly artificial it has the irregular surface consistent with dumping and the profile of the ditch has a similar appearance. The central mound (probably the original ground surface) is too small for a motte in relation to the very strong 'rampart' and the higher ground to the south shows no evidence of artificial work apart from excavation. It is also too small an area to have been used within a presumptive Iron Age work. In any case an internal ditch would be an unusual feature and it seems almost certain that the 'earthwork' is the result of old sand quarrying. Now planted with trees upwards of 50 years old. (PastScape–Field Investigators Comments–F2 DJC 24-FEB-76)

The monument comprises a motte and bailey castle. It includes a central mound measuring 32m N-S x 12m E-W x 3-4m high, surrounded by an encircling ditch 1.8m deep x 7.6m wide. A horseshoe-shaped outer bank 3-4m high with an entrance at the S encircles the motte and ditch. A causeway gives access from the outer bank across the ditch to the mound on the SW side. To the SE is a raised level bailey 54. 8m long x 27.4m wide

The area to the S and E has been used for sand extraction and there is evidence for this industry having encroached upon the motte. ' The area was referred to in 1277 as a stew (vivary) called Ocmere. A field boundary on the W of Gallowsclough Lane is excluded from the scheduling, however, the ground beneath it is included. (Vale Royal scheduling record)

Gatehouse Comments

Location isolated from medieval settlement but close to minor river crossing. Can probably be rejected on the bases of the field investigators comments of 1976 but this is actually scheduled as a motte and bailey and until the scheduling report is updated it will be recorded as a 'possible' site within the Gatehouse database.

- Philip Davis

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law

Not Listed

Historic England (PastScape) Defra or Monument number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceSJ566718
Latitude53.2420692443848
Longitude-2.65001010894775
Eastings356690
Northings371850
HyperLink HyperLink HyperLink
Copyright Dave Barlow of Abaroths World All Rights Reserved
Copyright Dave Barlow of Abaroths World All Rights Reserved

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Other

  • Historic England, 2015, Heritage at Risk North West Register 2015 (London: Historic England) p. 11 online copy
  • English Heritage, 2014, Heritage at Risk Register 2014 North West (London: English Heritage) p. 12 online copy
  • English Heritage, 2013, Heritage at Risk Register 2013 North West (London: English Heritage) p. 12 online copy
  • English Heritage, 2012, Heritage at Risk Register 2012 North West (London: English Heritage) p. 28 online copy
  • English Heritage, 2011, Heritage at Risk Register 2011 North West (London: English Heritage) p. 27 online copy
  • English Heritage, 2010, Heritage at Risk Register 2010 North West (London: English Heritage) p. 24 online copy
  • English Heritage, 2009, Heritage at Risk Register 2009 North West (London: English Heritage) p. 34 online copy
  • Vale Royal Borough Council: Ancient Monument No 13453 online copy