England - East Midlands - Northamptonshire - Braybrooke Castle

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The earthwork and buried remains of a medieval moated manor known as Braybrooke Castle and its associated enclosures and water control features. In 1304 Thomas de Latimer was granted a licence to strengthen his manor house at Braybrooke and documentary sources indicate that the moated house was constructed at this time. Described as a castle in 1361. The manor passed to the Griffin family in the early C15, but by the mid-C16 the buildings were in a poor condition. They were finally pulled down in 1633. The earthwork and buried remains of the moated site, which measures 80m square, lie within a larger rectangular enclosure which is bounded by a ditch to the east, by a ditch and bank to the south and a pond to the west and north. These enclosure ditches form part of a water managment system associated with the moated manor and include ponds, fish breeding tanks and further water channels. To the north of the moated site is a large rectangular pond. At its eastern end is a smaller pond which is joined to the former by two channels which in turn form two sides of a small raised island. To the west of the moaed site are a series of inter-connencting fishponds that take the form of rectangular mounds surrounded by ditches. Three have shallow depressions or ponds within them which have been interpreted as fish-breeding tanks where small fish were kept until they were large enough to be transferred into the main pond. A further dry, rectangular pond is visible to the south. The area to the east of the moated site is divided into a number of small enclosures or paddocks. To the south east of the moated manor site are the remains of a further moated site. (Derived from PastScape)

Braybrooke Castle, centred SP 768845. First mentioned in the mid C12. c.1200 documents mention fishponds already in use. The acquisition of timber for building work is recorded in 1213, and a garden in 1292

In 1303-4 license was granted for the strengthening of the manor with a stone wall. In 1329-30 there is mention of a waterfilled moat. The castle buildings were used as a farmhouse from 1549-50 until demolition prior to 1633. A mid-C17 farmhouse stood on the site until 1960 (photographs in NMR). RCHM plan of earthworks. The rectangular, flat-topped mounds W of the castle with central depressions up to 2.5 m. deep may be fish breeding tanks. (RCHME from PastScape)