Newcastle, Llangattock Vibon Avel

Has been described as a Certain Timber Castle (Motte)

There are earthwork remains

NameNewcastle, Llangattock Vibon Avel
Alternative Names
Historic CountryMonmouthshire
Modern AuthorityMonmouthshire
1974 AuthorityGwent
CommunityLlangattock Vibon Avel

Newcastle is a mutilated oval motte, c.22m by 18m and 6.0m high, set within a roughly 'D'-shaped, ditch defined enclosure, c.40m by 40m. (Coflein)

The monument comprises the remains of a motte and bailey castle, a military stronghold built during the medieval period. The site consists of a steep-sided circular mound, 5m high, with a flat top 12m in diameter. In the middle of the summit is a large rectangular concrete water tank. At the foot of the motte on the N and W sides is a 4m wide ditch, this peters out on the SW side, and there is no ditch on the E side. Outside the ditch is a curved flat area, the Bailey, which is 18m wide at it's widest point. The bailey area narrows to the S and stops on the S side of the motte. To the N it is truncated by a road. The outer edge of the bailey is defined by a steep bank, 3m-4m high, beyond which is a ditch, 2m wide and 1m deep. (Scheduling Report)

Gatehouse Comments

Phillips writes 'of the early period of castle building when offence was a major factor in design requirements. The steepness of the motte and the surrounding ditch show that inner defence was also a major issue.'

- Philip Davis

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law

Not Listed

The National Monument Record (Coflein) number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceSO447172
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Photo by Therron Welstead All Rights ReservedView full Sized Image

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  • Morgan, Gerald, 2008, Castles in Wales: A Handbook (Talybont: Y Lolfa Cyf.) p. 243 (listed)
  • Prior, Stuart, 2006, A Few Well-Positioned Castles: The Norman Art of War (Tempus) p. 110-164
  • Phillips, Neil, 2006, Earthwork Castles of Gwent and Ergyng AD 1050-1250 (British Archaeological Reports) p. 271-2
  • Pettifer, Adrian, 2000, Welsh Castles, A Guide by Counties (Boydell Press) p. 146
  • Salter, Mike, 1991, The Castles of Gwent, Glamorgan and Gower (Malvern) p. 74 (slight)
  • King, D.J.C., 1983, Castellarium Anglicanum (London: Kraus) Vol. 1 p. 284
  • Mackenzie, J.D., 1897, Castles of England (Heinemann) Vol. 2 p. 84 online copy
  • Coxe, W., 1801, An Historical Tour in Monmouthshire (London) Vol. 2 p. 332


  • Hogg, A.H.A. and King, D.J.C., 1963, 'Early castles in Wales and the Marches: a preliminary list' Archaeologia Cambrensis Vol. 112 p. 77-124
  • Clark, G.T., 1889, 'Contribution towards a complete list of moated mounds or burhs' The Archaeological Journal Vol. 46 p. 197-217 esp. 208 online copy
  • Clark, 1880, The Builder Vol. 38 p. 249, 252


  • Phillips, Neil, 2005, Earthwork Castles of Gwent and Ergyng AD 1050-1250 (PhD Thesis University of Sheffield) Download