Dixton Motte

Has been described as a Certain Timber Castle (Motte), and also as a Certain Fortified Manor House

There are earthwork remains

NameDixton Motte
Alternative Names
Historic CountryMonmouthshire
Modern AuthorityMonmouthshire
1974 AuthorityGwent

Dixton Mound is a sub-rectangular, or oval mound, c.30m by 40m and 2.0m high, ditched and counterscarped. An excavation in 1849 produced 11th/12th century material. A ceramic assemblage from cattle-tread erosion on the counterscarp is thought to indicate late 11th-early 12th century occupation (Wilson & Clarke 1997); Roman material from the same context were mostly mid-late 2nd century, with a single late pre-Flavian sherd (Wilson & Sockett 1997; Wilson 2000). (Coflein)

The monument comprises the remains of a motte and ditch, dating to the medieval period (c. 1066 -1540 AD). The site consists of a low oblong mound, 2m high, measuring 40m E/W by 18m N/S with steep sides and a convex summit. The motte is surrounded by a 1.5m deep ditch that is 3m wide on the N,S and E sides, extending to 12m wide on the W side. On the S side is a slight external bank. Roman pottery, dated to the 2nd century AD, and sherds of medieval pottery dated to the 11th and 12th centuries AD have been found in erosion scars on the site. (Scheduling Report)

Phillips resurveyed the site and found 'a low rectangular mound surrounded by a... small stream-fed moat' with no evidence of a bailey. A moated site with a raised building platform.

Gatehouse Comments

The finds of C11/C12 pottery may suggest a motte, perhaps one later adapted into a moated site.

- Philip Davis

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law

Not Listed

The National Monument Record (Coflein) number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceSO517137
HyperLink HyperLink HyperLink

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  • Morgan, Gerald, 2008, Castles in Wales: A Handbook (Talybont: Y Lolfa Cyf.) p. 243 (listed)
  • Prior, Stuart, 2006, A Few Well-Positioned Castles: The Norman Art of War (Tempus) p. 110-164
  • Phillips, Neil, 2006, Earthwork Castles of Gwent and Ergyng AD 1050-1250 (British Archaeological Reports) p. 186-7
  • Salter, Mike, 1991, The Castles of Gwent, Glamorgan and Gower (Malvern) p. 74 (slight)
  • King, D.J.C., 1983, Castellarium Anglicanum (London: Kraus) Vol. 1 p. 283
  • Renn, D.F., 1973 (2 edn.), Norman Castles of Britain (London: John Baker) p. 166


  • Wilson, 2000, Archaeology in Wales Vol. 40 p. 96
  • Wilson and Clarke, 1997, Archaeology in Wales Vol. 37 p. 100
  • Wilson and Sockett, 1997, Archaeology in Wales Vol. 37 p. 74
  • Hogg, A.H.A. and King, D.J.C., 1963, 'Early castles in Wales and the Marches: a preliminary list' Archaeologia Cambrensis Vol. 112 p. 77-124
  • Nash-Williams, 1950, Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies Vol. 13 p. 251-2


  • Phillips, Neil, 2005, Earthwork Castles of Gwent and Ergyng AD 1050-1250 (PhD Thesis University of Sheffield) Download