Wenvoe Castle

Has been described as a Possible Masonry Castle, and also as a Possible Fortified Manor House

There are no visible remains

NameWenvoe Castle
Alternative Names
Historic CountryGlamorgan
Modern AuthorityVale of Glamorgan
1974 AuthoritySouth Glamorgan

No trace survives of the medieval masonry castle or earthworks of Wenvoe Castle, but it is thought highly probable that a 17th century house and a second, 18th century castellated mansion of the same name (PRN 2188s), both now destroyed, stood on its site. The earliest mention of a castle is by Leland in c1536, although because of confusion in his topographical detail, the castle was recorded as sited at Wallston to the north-west of Wenvoe village. Other evidence points to its location to the south of the village, such as a document of 1540 which mentions the distinct settlements of 'Churcheton Winvo' (situated around the church sited in the village) and 'Castleton Winvo' identified as a former hamlet adjacent to the former Wenvoe Castle mansion, destroyed by the construction of a new park in the late-18th century. In 1594 the 'castle and ditches of Wenvoe' were leased from the Herbert family by Edmund Thomas who was to build a house on the site before his death in 1638. When this was replaced by a larger house in 1776-7 by the Birt family, surveyors recorded that the 17th century cellars and gate house may have incorporated fabric from the medieval castle. (Glamorgan-Gwent Archaeological Trust HER)

All the buildings… is down saving one tower and broken walls…' (Leland)

Not scheduled

Not Listed

The National Monument Record (Coflein) number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceST120713
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  • Davis, Paul, R., 2011, The Forgotten Castles of Wales (Almeley: Logaston Press) p. 101-108 (mention)
  • King, D.J.C., 1983, Castellarium Anglicanum (London: Kraus) Vol. 1 p. 172
  • Hague, D.B., 1971, in Pugh, T.B. (ed), Glamorgan County History Vol. 3 The Middle Ages (Cardiff) p. 447
  • Lewis, Samual, 1849, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales online copy


  • Toulmin-Smith, Lucy (ed), 1906, Leland's Itinerary in Wales  (Bell and Sons; London) p. 23 online copy


  • Spurgeon, C.J. with Roberts, D.J. and Thomas, H.J., 1999, 'Supposed Castles in Glamorgan; A review' Archaeology in Wales Vol. 39 27-40
  • Spurgeon, C.J. and Thomas, H.J., 1978, 'Medieval Glamorgan' Morgannwg Vol. 22 p. 26-7 online copy
  • James, 1974-6, Cardiff Naturalists' Society Vol. 98 p. 4-7
  • Hogg, A.H.A. and King, D.J.C., 1967, 'Masonry castles in Wales and the Marches: a list' Archaeologia Cambrensis Vol. 116 p. 71-132