Padeswood Mound, Leeswood

Has been described as a Questionable Timber Castle (Motte)

There are earthwork remains

NamePadeswood Mound, Leeswood
Alternative NamesMold Rural; Bryn y Castell
Historic CountryFlintshire
Modern AuthorityFlintshire
1974 AuthorityClwyd

This site has been considered by some writers to be a castle but is rejected as such by Hogg and King in 1970. However in Castellarium Anglicanum (1983) King puts it in his possible category though he write probably natural. Clwyd Powys Archaeological Trust records two mounds here the first described as a 'Large circular mound 50m in diameter almost certainly natural' and the second at SJ27176199 as a Bronze Age Round Barrow and add 'Large oval mound on Mold Golf Course is certainly natural - a moraine formed of gravel and pebbles (E.Davies 1949, 247). Considered a possible medieval motte by Spurgeon (Manley, J, Grenter, S & Gale, F, 1991, pp171).'

Gatehouse Comments

It is entirely possibly for a natural mound to be adapted as a motte. This is now in a Golf course, making reading the medieval landscape difficult although it looks as though the surrounding land was river valley marsh and meadow, important winter grazing, although not an area of settlement. The placename suggests some of the area was also woodland.

- Philip Davis

Not scheduled

Not Listed

County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceSJ271621
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  • Reid, Alan, 1998, Castles of Wales (John Jones Publishing) p. 33 (reject)
  • Manley, J., Grenter, S. and Gale, F., 1991, The Archaeology of Clwyd p. 171
  • King, D.J.C., 1983, Castellarium Anglicanum (London: Kraus) Vol. 1 p. 155 (possible)
  • RCAHMW, 1912, An inventory of the Ancient Monuments of Flintshire (HMSO) p. 59 no. 173 online copy


  • Swallow, Rachel, 2016, 'Cheshire Castles of the Irish Sea Cultural Zone' The Archaeological Journal Vol. 173.2 p. 288-341
  • Hogg, A.H.A. and King, D.J.C., 1970, 'Castles in Wales and the Marches (Additions and corrections to lists published in 1963 and 1967)' Archaeologia Cambrensis Vol. 119 p. 119-124 (reject)
  • Hogg, A.H.A. and King, D.J.C., 1963, 'Early castles in Wales and the Marches: a preliminary list' Archaeologia Cambrensis Vol. 112 p. 77-124 (possible)