Whitley Castle Bastle 2, Kirkhaugh

Has been described as a Possible Bastle

There are cropmark/slight earthwork remains

NameWhitley Castle Bastle 2, Kirkhaugh
Alternative Names
Historic CountryNorthumberland
Modern AuthorityNorthumberland
1974 AuthorityNorthumberland
Civil ParishKnaresdale with Kirkhaugh

There is evidence for three post-Roman buildings within the walls of the fort. Two of these, similar in outline and probably in date, lie within the retentura, close by and roughly parallel with the south western rampart.

The second building in the retentura lay some 15m to the north-west of the bastle. This is indicated by a somewhat less coherent pattern of robbing trenches and scarps which form the outline of a similar linear structure, also positioned (albeit with less precision) on the line of a former barrack block. The building's dimensions, some 7m in width and 20m in length, are similar to those of the adjacent bastle, and traces of an internal partition suggest that it too may have undergone a process of enlargement. The main difference is that the walls of this second building appear to have been considerably less massive, a distinction that might allow this structure to be classified as a 'bastle-derivative' or 'byre house': a less defendable dwelling in the same overall tradition, normally dated to the 18th or early 19th centuries (Ryder 1995, 8-9; Lake and Edwards 2006, 42-3). Although the second building may have been a replacement for the bastle, it is much more likely that it formed part of an enlarged settlement, contemporary with (and presumably related to) the development of the adjacent group at Whitlow. (Went and Ainsworth)

Gatehouse Comments

See records for Whitley Castle Bastle 1; Whitlow bastles 1, 2 and 3 and Holymire Bastle

- Philip Davis

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law

Not Listed

Historic England (PastScape) Defra or Monument number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceNY694486
HyperLink HyperLink HyperLink

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  • Lake, J. and Edwards, R., 2006, Historic Farmsteads. Preliminary Character Statement: North West Region (University of Gloucester, English Heritage and the Countryside Agency)


  • Went, D. and Ainsworth, S., 2013, 'Whitley Castle, Northumberland: An Analytical Survey of the Fort and its Setting' Britannia Vol. 44 p. 93-143 esp. 122-25


  • Went, David and Ainsworth, Stewart, 2009, Whitley Castle, Tynedale, Northumberland An archaeological investigation of the Roman fort and its setting (Research Department Report Series 89) p. 59-66 online copy
  • Ryder, P.F., 1994-5, Towers and Bastles in Northumberland Part 4 Tynedale District Vol. ? p.