Ditchley Park Round Clump

Has been described as a Questionable Timber Castle (Motte)

There are earthwork remains

NameDitchley Park Round Clump
Alternative Names
Historic CountryOxfordshire
Modern AuthorityOxfordshire
1974 AuthorityOxfordshire
Civil ParishSpelsbury

...well preserved bowl barrow, used as central element in circular tree planting known as Round Clump. Measures 30m in dia, and stands up to 1m high. Quarry ditch surrounds mound, and is 9m wide and 1.5m deep. The barrow mound measures 30m in diameter and stands up to 1m high. Surrounding the mound is a quarry ditch which provided material for its construction. The ditch remains open and measures 9m wide and 1.5m deep. Broad low mound completely surrounded by ditch (no breaks or causeways). No signs of bailey: might be castle-mound but no clue as to use or purpose. Possibly landscaping associated with Ditchley Park. OS revision surveying. c.30m diameter and 1m high with a very prominent ditch, may have been landscaped and re-dug. Not marked as antiquity on OS map. (Oxfordshire HER)

(39552124) Broad low mound completely surrounded by a ditch (no breaks or causeways). No signs of bailey: might be castle-mound, but no clue as to age or purpose. (O.G.S.Crawford 1930)

Listed under round barrows. "Mound in Ditchley Park near Kiddington Drive, surrounded by a ditch 4ft. 6ins. deep, 343 ft. circumference, 9ft. high from bottom of ditch". (VCH 1907)

The mound is as described above and is rounded in profile without trace of building or other disturbance on its summit. The surrounding ditch is slightly sub-circular, narrowest at the NNW. The mound and ditch carry a few trees, possible up to 200 years old. Origins are obscure, may be the castle mound suggested by Crawford or just simply a landscape feature. The lack of historical information, topographical situation and

general construction of this feature tend to suggest it to be landscaping and doubtless contemporary with the general lay-out of Ditchley Park which is mainly 18th century. (F1 BHS 27-SEP-73)

SP 3955 2124 Ditchley Park Camp, Enstone. Barrow c.30m diameter and 1m high with a very prominent ditch. May have been landscaped and re-dug

Not marked as an antiquity on O S map. (Mudd, 1984). (PastScape)

Gatehouse Comments

This is close to the site of a deserted settlement documented throughout the C14-C17 and not far from a possibly site of the small C12 Pheleley Priory. Extensive garden landscaping makes reading the landscape impossible. Given settlement and some high status landscape features a castle site can not be excluded but seems unlikely. Clearly visible on air photo where it obviously has had considerably 'landscaping'.

- Philip Davis

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law

Not Listed

Historic England (PastScape) Defra or Monument number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceSP395212
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  • Potts, W., 1907, in Page, Wm (ed), 'Ancient Earthworks' VCH Oxfordshire Vol. 2 p. 346 (as round barrow) online transcription


  • Mudd, A., 1984, 'Round Barrows of the Oxfordshire Cotswolds' South Midlands Archaeology: CBA Group 9 Newsletter Vol. 14 p. 52 online copy