Has been described as a Possible Fortified Manor House, and also as a Possible Uncertain

There are uncertain remains

Alternative NamesGreveney; Graveneycourt
Historic CountryKent
Modern AuthorityKent
1974 AuthorityKent
Civil ParishGraveney With Goodnestone

Chandlers transcription of Leland includes Graveney in a list of places in Kent with a castle.

Other castles in this list include the Thames blockhouses of Henry VIII including the Gravesend Blockhouse This is transcribed as Greveney in the Toulmin-Smith edition with the footnote 'Greyne, the Isle of Grain. see after, pp. 52, 58). There was a C19 coastal fort here (at TQ889765), at the mouth of the Medway opposite Sheerness and Queenborough and it is not an improbably place for an earlier coastal artillery fort but there absolutely no evidence for this.

There is a C15 manor house at Graveney called Graveneycourt, described by Hasted, which may be what Leland was referring too, although there are many similar such houses in Kent which are rarely called 'castle'. However, in Hasted time there was an 'ancient gateway' suggesting something perhaps a little more defensible than the surviving timber framed house suggests. The route given in Toulmin-Smith (iv, p. 46) would take Leland by Graveneycourt. The order of the list itself does not favour a location.

House. Circa 1420 and C18. Timber framed, plastered and weather boarded with painted brick extension. Plain tiled roof. Two storeys on plinth with jetty on brackets to centre, and roof hipped to left, with moulded barge boarded:gable to centre and stacks to centre right and end right. Five wooden casements on first floor, 4 on ground floor, the right end 2 on each floor in C18 extension. Central door with moulded panels and sidelights. Built c.1420 by John Martyn, Judge of the Court of Common Pleas, buried in the adjacent Graveney Church (see Hasted, VII, p. 64)

(Listed Building Report)

The flat, expansive nature of the Graveney marshes continues to exert an influence on the character of development at Graveney, despite the land having been converted almost entirely to arable use. Whilst the marshes no longer have a truly wild appearance, the presence of these wide and open spaces extending up to the very edge of the church graveyard is a strong reminder of just how remote the place has been. (Graveney Church, Graveney Bridge and Goodnestone conservation areas: character appraisal)

Gatehouse Comments

Given map reference for Graveney Court but it by no means certain this was what Leland listed as a castle. However there is enough in Hasted description for Graveney Court to be considered as a fortified manor house regardless of if this was what Leland called a castle.

- Philip Davis

Not scheduled

This is a Grade 2 listed building protected by law

Historic England Scheduled Monument Number
Historic England Listed Building number(s)
Images Of England
Historic England (PastScape) Defra or Monument number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceTR052627
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Calculate Print


  • Hasted, Edward, 1798 (2edn), The history and topographical survey of the county of Kent Vol. 7 p. 28-38 online transcription


  • Chandler, John, 1993, John Leland's Itinerary: travels in Tudor England  (Sutton Publishing) p. 250
  • Toulmin-Smith, Lucy (ed), 1909, The itinerary of John Leland in or about the years 1535-1543 (London: Bell and Sons) Vol. 4 p. 48, 52, 58 online copy