Englissh in the town of Newenham

Has been described as a Possible Fortified Manor House

There are cropmark/slight earthwork remains

NameEnglissh in the town of Newenham
Alternative NamesNewnham Murren; English Farm
Historic CountryOxfordshire
Modern AuthorityOxfordshire
1974 AuthorityOxfordshire
Civil ParishNuffield

Richard English was granted licence to crenellate a chamber in his manor of 'Englissh in the town of Newenham' in 1356.

Gatehouse Comments

Emery places this at Newnham Murren near Crowmarsh Clifford. Richard English is associated with the Trinitarian Friary of Nuffield and Beneit English has a small monumental brass in Newnham Murren Church. The location may have been English Farm, south east of Nuffield, where there are suggestions of medieval earthworks and possible fish ponds. The obtaining of a licence to crenellate was usually intended to gain prestige, although some form of building (new house or redevelopment of an old house, not necessarily a fortified house) was normally associated. The medieval remains at English Farm are slight and questionable. There was certainly a medieval house here but its form may have been quite modest and the shortage of labour in the 1350s, following the Black Death, may have tempered any building plans Richard English had.

- Philip Davis

Not scheduled

Not Listed

Historic England (PastScape) Defra or Monument number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceSU676859
HyperLink HyperLink HyperLink

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Calculate Print


  • Emery, Anthony, 2006, Greater Medieval Houses of England and Wales Vol. 3 Southern England (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) p. 211


  • 1972, South Midlands Archaeology: CBA Group 9 Newsletter Vol. 2 p. 30 onine copy

Primary Sources

  • Maxwell Lyte, H.C. (ed), 1916, Calendar of Charter Rolls 15 Edward III - 5 Henry V 1341-1417 Vol. 5. (HMSO) p. 148 online copy


  • VCH Oxfordshire • Texts in Progress • Nuffield: Religious Hist. (Nov. 2011) p. 7 online copy