House of John de Benstede, Eye next to Westminster

Has been described as a Possible Fortified Town House

There are no visible remains

NameHouse of John de Benstede, Eye next to Westminster
Alternative NamesRosemont; Eia; Ebury
Historic CountryLondon and Middlesex
Modern AuthorityLondon Borough of Westminster
1974 AuthorityGreater London
Civil ParishCity Of Westminster

Johannes de Benstede, clericus was granted, in 1307, a licence to crenellate mansum suum Eye, juxta Westmonaster. quod vocatur Rosemont. Sir John de Benstede was a prominent member of the English royal household in the late C13 and early C14. He was Prebendary of Sandiacre from 3 February 1297 until, presumably, 1308, when he married. He was also Secretary of State, and he served variously as Keeper of the Great Seal, Keeper of the Wardrobe (for Edward I), and as a royal judge from 1309 onwards.

Gatehouse Comments

Eye (Eia; Ebury) was a manor held by Westminster Abbey. The location of Rosemont within this manor is unknown but unlikely to be far from Abbey at given map reference.

- Philip Davis

Not scheduled

Not Listed

County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceTQ300794
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Calculate Print


  • Emery, Anthony, 2006, Greater Medieval Houses of England and Wales Vol. 3 Southern England (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) p. 439
  • Turner, T.H. and Parker, J.H., 1859, Some account of Domestic Architecture in England (Oxford) Vol. 3 Part 2 p. 405 online copy


  • Davis, Philip, 2010-11, 'Crenellated town houses in Medieval England' Castle Studies Group Journal Vol. 24 p. 270-91
  • Rutton, W.L., 1910, 'The Manor of Eia, or Eye next Westminster' Archaeologia Vol. 62 p. 31–58

Primary Sources

  • Maxwell Lyte, H.C. (ed), 1894, Calendar of Patent Rolls Edward II (1307-13) Vol. 1 p. 61 online copy