Has been described as a Possible Fortified Manor House, and also as a Possible Pele Tower

There are no visible remains

Alternative NamesCrumhale
Historic CountryGloucestershire
Modern AuthoritySouth Gloucestershire
1974 AuthorityAvon
Civil ParishCromhall

William Wauton was granted a licence to crenellate cameram suam infra mansum ... Crumhale, Glouc. (His chamber in the manor) in 1311.

Gatehouse Comments

The term cameram is rarely used in licences to crenellate but where a building can be associated with the term it is usually a small tower house. Wauton, who seems to have been a particularly active soldier, was possibly involved in Scottish border affairs and may have being transferring border architecture to Gloucestershire. The Cromhall manor may have been newly purchased by Wauton (or newly 'granted' to him) and gave him a house near to Berkeley Castle allowing to fulfil some obscure feudal obligations to Maurice de Berkeley. Away from his main estates in Essex he may have felt more need to assert his status. The lack of remains may suggest little was built or what was built was mainly timber or thin walled. There were two manors in medieval Cromhall. One held by the Abbey of St Augustine, Bristol was centred on Abbotside Farm. The other, Cromhall Lygon, named after later medieval subtenants comprised the rest of the manor. As such it is likely that Court Farm, directly south of the parish church, represents the site of the manor house.

- Philip Davis

Not scheduled

Not Listed

County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceST692904
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  • Emery, Anthony, 2006, Greater Medieval Houses of England and Wales Vol. 3 Southern England (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) p. 211
  • Turner, T.H. and Parker, J.H., 1859, Some account of Domestic Architecture in England (Oxford) Vol. 3 Part 2 p. 406 online copy
  • Atkyns, Robert, 1803, The history of the county of Gloucester (Gloucester) p. 213 online copy


  • Moore, J.S., 1989, 'The Gloucestershire section of Domesday Book: geographical problems of the text, part 3' Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society Vol. 107 p. 136 online copy

Primary Sources

  • Maxwell Lyte, H.C. (ed), 1894, Calendar of Patent Rolls Edward II (1307-13) Vol. 1 p. 346 online copy