Cainhoe Village Defences

Has been described as a Questionable Urban Defence

There are earthwork remains

NameCainhoe Village Defences
Alternative Names
Historic CountryBedfordshire
Modern AuthorityBedfordshire
1974 AuthorityBedfordshire
Civil ParishClophill

Creighton and Higham suggest outer bailey of Cainhoe Castle may represent village enclosure.

The deserted settlement of Cainhoe is recorded in Domesday Book. After the Conquest, it became the possession of the d'Albini family. It was deserted soon after 1349, following decimation by the Black Death. Earthworks around Cainhoe Castle have long been thought to represent those of the deserted village, but excavation to the South of the Castle only located further structures associated with the castle. The earthworks to the West of the castle appear to be those of the manorial complex, including a moated house and fishponds, which succeeded the castle. The precise location of Cainhoe remains in doubt. (PastScape–ref. Beresford and Hurst)

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law

Not Listed

Historic England (PastScape) Defra or Monument number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceTL098374
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  • Petre, James Scott, 2012, The Castles of Bedfordshire (Lavenham: Lavenham Press for Shaun Tyas) p. 58
  • Creighton, O.H. and Higham, R.A., 2005, Medieval Town Walls (Stroud: Tempus) p. 259
  • Beresford, M. and Hurst, J.G., 1971, Deserted Mediaeval Villages p. 183


  • Bond J., 2001, 'Earthen Castles, Outer Enclosures and the Earthworks at Ascott d'Oilly Castle, Oxfordshire' Oxoniensia Vol. 46 p. 67-8 (Appendix: Earthwork castles with attached village enclosures) online copy