Henley in Arden Town Gates

Has been described as a Questionable Urban Defence

There are no visible remains

NameHenley in Arden Town Gates
Alternative Names
Historic CountryWarwickshire
Modern AuthorityWarwickshire
1974 AuthorityWarwickshire
Civil ParishHenley in Arden

Defensive town gates, not associated with wall or bank, now vanished. (Bond)

In the Middle Ages there was a bargate at the south end of the street (P.R.O. Anct. D., A 13228), and probably at the north end, where in 1725, when the road was turnpiked, a Toll Gate House was built. This was pulled down in 1894, but the Weighing-Machine House is still standing. (VCH fn. 1)

Mentioned in a deed of 16 May, 23 Henry VII (1508) 'lytyll gardenplace withowte the bareyates of the towne of Henley' (Ancient Deeds)

Gatehouse Comments

Almost certainly toll bars associated with the collection of market taxes, rather than anything 'defensive'. Might be associated with the particular needs associated with the collection of pavage, which the borough was granted in 1336, 1344 and 1383 (VCH), although useful for the collection of all market tolls. The question here may be how common were such bar gates? Any town and many villages may have wanted such a way of preventing livestock wandering around. Given map reference for Henley parish church.

- Philip Davis

Not scheduled

Not Listed

County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceSP151660
Latitude52.292049407959
Longitude-1.77996003627777
Eastings415100
Northings266000
HyperLink HyperLink HyperLink

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Books

  • Salter, Mike, 2013, Medieval Walled Towns (Malvern: Folly Publications) p. 157 (listed as gates only)
  • Creighton, O.H. and Higham, R.A., 2005, Medieval Town Walls (Stroud: Tempus) p. 266
  • Bond, C.J., 1987, 'Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Defences' in Schofield, J. and Leech, R. (eds) Urban Archaeology in Britain (CBA Research Report 61) p. 92-116 online copy
  • Salzman, L.F. (ed), 1945, VCH Warwickshire Vol. 3 p. 206 fn1 online transcription

Journals

  • Creighton, Oliver, 2006, ''Castles of Communities': Medieval Town Defences in England; Wales and Gascony' Ch√Ęteau Gaillard Vol. 22 p. 75-86

Primary Sources