Ingleby Barwick Round Hill

Has been described as a Possible Timber Castle (Motte)

There are cropmark/slight earthwork remains

NameIngleby Barwick Round Hill
Alternative Names
Historic CountryYorkshire
Modern AuthorityStockton on Tees
1974 AuthorityCleveland
Civil ParishIngleby Barwick

Round Hill is a grass-covered mound, 33.5m diameter, 4.2m high on the south west side and 1.7m high on the north east side. The perimeter is mutilated at two points on the north side, probably the results of previous excavations. There is no structural evidence of occupation, but the top of the mound is flattened, the level area being 7.0m in diameter. To the north east is a near level area partly contained by an earth-work. The height of this earthwork varies from 0.3m in the north east to 2.5m in the south. The size of the mound is not characteristic of a tumulus and the heavy soil and proximity of the River Tees, which was probably much higher in pre-historic times, point to a much later date of origin. The defensive advantages of the topographical situation near the split waterway, point to the mound and earthwork being the remains of a small motte, with traces of a possible bailey to the North-East (Field Investigators Comments–F1 EG 07-JUL-53).

The motte at Ingleby Barwick in the North Riding of Yorkshire is not of a convincing form. I have discussed this site with Blaze Vyner who had also come to the conclusion that it was in fact a burial mound. (Constable 2003 p. 271)

Gatehouse Comments

Identified by Young as a barrow in 1974 although this identification is questioned and may be be 'confirmation bias' as Young was a pre-historian rather than a field archaeologist. Scheduled as a motte and bailey. The location could be of either that of a barrow or a small farmstead type motte and bailey but is seemingly isolated from medieval settlement with no evidence for routes to the site. Because of the scheduling report recorded as a possible castle site, although with considerable doubt.

- Philip Davis

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law

Not Listed

Historic England (PastScape) Defra or Monument number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceNZ431129
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  • Salter, Mike, 2001, The Castles and Tower Houses of Yorkshire (Malvern: Folly Publications) p. 50
  • Jackson, M.J., 1996, Castles of Durham and Cleveland (Carlisle) p. 34
  • King, D.J.C., 1983, Castellarium Anglicanum (London: Kraus) Vol. 2 p. 519


  • Young, R., 1980, Transactions of the Architectural and Archaeological Society of Durham and Northumberland Vol. 5 p. 9


  • Constable, Christopher, 2003, Aspects of the archaeology of the castle in the north of England C 1066-1216 (Doctoral thesis, Durham University) Available at Durham E-Theses Online