Coppenhall Gorse

Has been described as a Possible Fortified Manor House

There are earthwork remains

NameCoppenhall Gorse
Alternative NamesHyde Manor; Hyde Lea
Historic CountryStaffordshire
Modern AuthorityStaffordshire
1974 AuthorityStaffordshire
Civil ParishCoppenhall

The monument includes a moated site, a fishpond and the remains of a hollow way and is situated at the head of the valley of the Rising Brook, approximately 400m west of the village of Hyde Lea. The four arms of the moat are water-filled and measure up to 20m wide. The moat was cleared out by drag-line in 1980 and is now fed by surface drainage. The south eastern moat ditch extends a further 20m eastwards to form a pond area. A slight break in the outer scarp of the moat at its southern extent may represent the location of an inlet channel, or old marl workings. There were originally external banks on the south western and western edges of the moated site which were heavily disturbed by ploughing before 1974. There is now no surface evidence of the external banks and the area to the west and south west of the moated site is not included in the scheduling. The moated island measures 90m north-south and 70m west-east and is raised above the surrounding ground surface. The ground surface of the northern part of the island is slightly lower than that to the south. This forms a subsidiary platform which measures approximately 20m north-south and 50m west-east. There are no standing buildings on the moated island but there are slight earthworks, indicating the position of buried features. The original access onto the island is believed to have been by a timber bridge across the eastern arm of the moat, but access is currently by way of a modern causeway across the western arm. Small-scale excavations in 1951, 1960 and 1961 and an auger survey on the island provided evidence for the occupation of the moated site. Artefacts recovered included 13th and 14th century pottery, charcoal, animal bones and an early 14th century silver coin. The fishpond to the north west of the moated site is separated from the eastern arm of the moat by a causeway. The fishpond is now dry and is triangular in plan

The pond is bounded on its east side by a retaining bank which measures approximately 2.5m high and up to 18m wide. This retaining bank has been breached by the Rising Brook which rises within the site and now flows SW-NE across the pond area. The remains of a hollow way, bounded by slight outer banks, can be traced as a shallow depression running west-east from the southern edge of the fishpond. Hyde Lea moated site is considered to be the centre for the manor of Hyde. The lands known as the Hydes were granted to William Bagot in c.1140. The Bagots continued to hold the manor of Hyde until c.1340 when the site was taken over by Ralph, the first Earl of Stafford. An inquest in 1372 reveals that the manor of Hyde included two fishponds. By 1387 the manor house at Hyde appears to have been granted away by the second Earl of Stafford. The dearth of documentary references to the manor of Hyde after the mid-16th century would suggest that the manor ceased to exist as a separate estate after this date. (Scheduling Report)

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law

Not Listed

Historic England (PastScape) Defra or Monument number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceSJ907203
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  • Salter, Mike, 1997, Castles and Moated Mansions of Staffordshire (Malvern: Folly Publications) p. 21
  • King, D.J.C., 1983, Castellarium Anglicanum (London: Kraus) Vol. 2 p. 453
  • Greenslade, M.W. and Midgley, L.M., 1959 in Midgley, L.M. (ed), VCH Staffordshire Vol. 5 p. 138-9 - online transcription
  • Lynam, Charles, 1908, 'Ancient Earthworks' in Page, Wm. (ed), VCH Staffordshire Vol. 1 p. 362 (plan - homestead moat) online copy


  • 1984, Moated Sites Research Group report Vol. 11 p. 26
  • 1981, Medieval Archaeology Vol. 25 p. 218 download copy
  • Simpson, James, 1951/2, Transactions of the Old Stafford Society p. 15-23 (plan)