Wallingford Town Defences

Has been described as a Certain Urban Defence

There are earthwork remains

NameWallingford Town Defences
Alternative Names
Historic CountryBerkshire
Modern AuthorityOxfordshire
1974 AuthorityOxfordshire
Civil ParishWallingford

Fairly detailed account of town defences. "The earliest defences of Wallingford were constructed about the time of Alfred" This site is a scheduled monument protected by law

Not Listed

Historic England (PastScape) Defra or Monument number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceSU610897
HyperLink HyperLink HyperLink

No photos available. If you can provide pictures please contact Castlefacts

Most of the sites or buildings recorded in this web site are NOT open to the public and permission to visit a site must always be sought from the landowner or tenant.

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  • < >Christie, Neil, Creighton, Oliver et al, 2013, Transforming Townscapes From burh to borough: the archaeology of Wallingford AD 800-1400 (London: Society for Medieval Archaeology Monograph 35) < > passim
  • Preston, S. (ed), forthcoming, Archaeological investigations around Wallingford's Historic Core (2003-2010) (Reading: Thames Valley Archaeological Services Monograph 10)
  • Salter, Mike, 2013, Medieval Walled Towns (Malvern: Folly Publications) p. 140
  • Keats-Rohan, K.S.B. and Roffe, D.R. (eds), 2009, The origins of the borough of Wallingford: archaeological and historical potential (Oxford British Archaeological Reports British Series 494)
  • Creighton, O.H. and Higham, R.A., 2005, Medieval Town Walls (Stroud: Tempus) passim
  • Hill, David and Rumble, Alexander R., 1996, The defence of Wessex: the Burghal Hidage and Anglo-Saxon fortifications p. 220-221
  • Pettifer, A., 1995, English Castles, A guide by counties (Woodbridge: Boydell Press) p. 6
  • Brown, R.Allen, 1989, Castles from the Air (Cambridge University Press) p. 219-220
  • Bond, C.J., 1987, 'Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Defences' in Schofield, J. and Leech, R. (eds) Urban Archaeology in Britain (CBA Research Report 61) p. 92-116 online copy
  • Astill, G., 1984, in Haslam, J. (ed), Anglo-Saxon towns in southern England p. 61-3, 67, 73, 75-9
  • King, D.J.C., 1983, Castellarium Anglicanum (London: Kraus) Vol. 1 p. 13
  • Beresford, W.M. and St Joseph, J.K.S., 1979, Medieval England : an aerial survey p. 179-181
  • Biddle, M., 1976, in Wilson, D.M. (ed), The archaeology of Anglo-Saxon England p. 124-34
  • Barley, M.W., 1975, 'Town Defences in England and Wales after 1066' in Barley (ed) The plans and topography of medieval towns in England and Wales (CBA Research Report 14) p. 57-71 plan p. 67 download/view online
  • Airs, M., Rodwell, K., and Turner, H., 1975, 'Wallingford' in Rodwell, K. (ed) Historic Towns in Oxfordshire: A survey of the New County (Oxford: Oxfordshire Archaeological Unit) p. 155-62
  • Turner, H.L., 1971, Town Defences in England and Wales (London) p. 122
  • Page, Wm and Ditchfield, P.H. (eds), 1923, VCH Berkshire Vol. 3 p. 517-23 online transcription
  • Armitage, Ella, 1912, The Early Norman Castles of the British Isles (London: John Murray) p. 28 online copy
  • Page, Wm and Ditchfield, P.H. (eds), 1906, VCH Berkshire Vol. 1 p. 216, 264-5
  • Timbs, J. and Gunn, A., 1872, Abbeys, Castles and Ancient Halls of England and Wales Vol. 2 (London) p. 53 online copy


  • Camden, Wm, 1607, Britannia hypertext critical edition by Dana F. Sutton (2004)
  • Chandler, John, 1993, John Leland's Itinerary: travels in Tudor England  (Sutton Publishing) p. 30
  • Toulmin-Smith, Lucy (ed), 1907, The itinerary of John Leland in or about the years 1535-1543 (London: Bell and Sons) Vol. 1 p. 118 online copy


  • Creighton, Oliver, 2014, 'Castle, Burh and Borough: Unravelling an Urban Landscape of Power at Wallingford, Oxfordshire' Château Gaillard Vol. 26 p. 113-124
  • Christie, N., Creighton, O., Edgeworth, M. and Fradley, M., 2010, ' 'Have you found anything interesting?'. Exploring late-Saxon and medieval urbanism at Wallingford: sources, results, and questions' Oxoniensia Vol. 75 p. 34-47
  • 2009, South Midlands Archaeology: CBA Group 9 Newsletter Vol. 39 p. 63-64 (fortified dam)
  • Christie, N. et al, 2008, 'Wallinford: charting early medieval and medieval expansion and contraction' Medieval Settlement Research Group Annual Report Vol. 23 p. 53-7 online copy
  • Creighton, Oliver, 2006, ''Castles of Communities': Medieval Town Defences in England; Wales and Gascony' Château Gaillard Vol. 22 p. 75-86
  • Bradley, J and Gaimster, M. (eds), 2004, 'Medieval Britain and Ireland in 2003' Medieval Archaeology Vol. 48 p. 284-6 download copy
  • Christie, N. et al, 2004, 'Wallingford Burh to Borough Research Project' South Midlands Archaeology: CBA Group 9 Newsletter Vol. 34 p. 94-6, 101 online copy
  • Christie, N., O'Sullivan, D., Creighton, O. and Hamerow, H., 2003, 'Wallingford Burh to Borough Research Project: First Interim Report, 2002' South Midlands Archaeology: CBA Group 9 Newsletter Vol. 33 p. 105-12 online copy
  • Moore, J., 2002, South Midlands Archaeology: CBA Group 9 Newsletter Vol. 32 p. 43 online copy
  • Creighton, O. (et al), 2002, 'The Wallingford burgh to borough research project' Medieval Settlement Research Group Annual Report Vol. 17 p. 43-6
  • Durham, B., Hassall, T.G., Rowley, T. and Simpson, C., 1972, 'A cutting across the Saxon defences at Wallingford' Oxoniensia Vol. 37 p. 82-5 online copy
  • Webster, L.E. and Cherry, J., 1972, Medieval Archaeology Vol. 16 p. 148 download copy
  • 1971-2, 'Archaeological Notes' Berkshire Archaeological Journal Vol. 66 p. 133 download copy
  • Wilson, D.M., 1968, Medieval Archaeology Vol. 10 p. 168 download copy
  • Wilson, D.M., 1967, Medieval Archaeology Vol. 9 p. 262-3 download copy
  • Brooks, N.P., 1965-6, 'Excavations at Wallingford Castle, 1965: An Interim Report' Berkshire Archaeological Journal Vol. 62 p. 17-21 download copy
  • Leeds, E.T., 1938, 'An Anglo-Saxon Cemetery at Wallingford' Berkshire Archaeological Journal Vol. 42 p. 93-101 download copy
  • Chalkley Gould, 1906, Journal British Archaeological Association (new series) Vol. 12 p. 119-21
  • Armitage, E., 1904, 'The Early Norman Castles of England' English Historical Review Vol. 19 p. 209-245, 417-455 esp. 436-7 online copy

Primary Sources

  • Hardy, T.D. (ed), 1833, Rotuli litterarum clausarum in turri Londinensi asservati (Record Commission) Vol. 1 p. 199b (order to repair defences) online copy
  • - < > Also see the Gatehouse murage pages for full details of murage [grants > http://www.gatehouse-gazetteer.info/murage/murindex.html], [petitions > http://www.gatehouse-gazetteer.info/murage/mupindex.html ] and [other such > http://www.gatehouse-gazetteer.info/murage/muaindex.html]. < >


  • Haslam, J., forthcoming, The burh of Wallingford and its context in Wessex online draft
  • Mundin, A., 2010, Former Scout Hut, St George's Road, Wallingford, Oxfordshire; archaeological watching brief (Thames Valley Archaeological Services) online copy