Has been described as a Certain Timber Castle (Ringwork)

There are earthwork remains

Alternative NamesArdley Wood
Historic CountryOxfordshire
Modern AuthorityOxfordshire
1974 AuthorityOxfordshire
Civil ParishArdley

The ringwork in Ardley Wood survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction and the landscape in which it was built. Evidence for the site having been reused as a moated settlement later in the medieval period gives it an unusual dimension.

The monument includes a sub-rectangular earthwork enclosure representing an earthwork ringwork, situated c.100m south west of Manor Farm in Ardley Wood. Quarries lie to the immediate south and west of the site. The earthworks consist of a 7m wide ditch which is open to a depth of c.2.3m with a single causeway entrance in the north east corner. The ditch encloses an area 66m from north to south and between 40m and 50m from east to west. There was originally a low internal bank which is now only visible on parts of the north west and south east sides. Where visible this measures c.2.5m wide and stands up to 0.6m high. This may well have been much more substantial or included a pallisade or wall in its original form. Within the enclosure are several possible building platforms which may represent accommodation and stables. The monument is believed to have originally been a Norman ringwork reused later in the medieval period as a dry-moated settlement site. (Scheduling Report)

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law

Not Listed

Historic England (PastScape) Defra or Monument number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceSP539273
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  • Salter, Mike, 2002, The Castles of The Thames Valley and The Chilterns (Malvern: Folly Publications) p. 62
  • King, D.J.C., 1983, Castellarium Anglicanum (London: Kraus) Vol. 2 p. 384
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  • Lobel, Mary D. (ed), 1959, VCH Oxfordshire Vol. 6 p. 7 online transcription
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  • Potts, W., 1907, in Page, Wm (ed), 'Ancient Earthworks' VCH Oxfordshire Vol. 2 p. 327 (as simple moated enclosure) online transcription
  • Mackenzie, J.D., 1896, Castles of England; their story and structure (New York: Macmillan) Vol. 1 p. 166 online copy


  • 1976, South Midlands Archaeology: CBA Group 9 Newsletter Vol. 6 p. 18, 37 online copy