The Redesdale Arms, Horsley

Has been described as a Possible Bastle

There are masonry ruins/remnants remains

NameThe Redesdale Arms, Horsley
Alternative Names
Historic CountryNorthumberland
Modern AuthorityNorthumberland
1974 AuthorityNorthumberland
Civil ParishRochester

Rectangular building, 15.7 x 6.4m. Walls of large roughly-coursed rubble with irregular boulder plinth. North west end wall 1.2m, north east side wall 1.05m, south west side wall 0.74m. All features 18th century and later; 18th and 19th century extensions to south east and north east (Ryder, P F 05-JUL-90 Field Investigation).

The oldest part of the Redesdale Arms Hotel is a rectangular building 15.7m x 6.4m. Its wall fabric is of typical bastle appearance. Uncertain whether this should be included in a list of bastle as the wall fabric may be typically massive but there are no other features. Elongated form is atypical of bastle houses and more reminiscent of 18th century houses (Ryder 1990).

The oldest parts have large random rubble, the rest is built of coursed stone and ashlar in different sections; Lakeland slate roof. The section to the left, now covered partly by a 20th century conservatory, is probably a bastle house. The side and rear walls of this part are about 50 inches thick but the front wall was rebuilt, probably in the 18th century, though retaining the old boulder plinth. Despite the addition of the conservatory the openings have not been altered. The gable end of this section, and the adjacent rear wall are in especially impressive 'bastle-type' masonry. The three bays to the right, and the second span added to the rear, are of early 19th century. There is a central pedimented porch with a boarded and battened door. Sash window. Hipped roof; the rear span also has a hipped roof and is in fine ashlar (Grundy 1987). (Northumberland HER)

Hotel. Oldest section probably a bastlehouse of the C16 or early C17. Refronted C18 and extended to right and rear early C19. Large random rubble, coursed stone and ashlar in different sections, Lakeland slate roof. Long two-storey front range of six irregular bays has older section to left with boulder plinth

Left 3 bays form the C18 front with C20 conservatory, and sash windows in old openings. Three-bay early C19 section to right has central pedimented porch with boarded and battened door, and sash windows. Hipped roof with 3 banded ridge stacks.

Bastle masonry on left return and to rear. Early C19 second span to rear with fine ashlar and hipped roof.

Interior: rear wall of bastle is c.50 inches thick on ground floor and c.40 inches above. (Listed Building Report)

Not scheduled

This is a Grade 2 listed building protected by law

Historic England Scheduled Monument Number
Historic England Listed Building number(s)
Images Of England
Historic England (PastScape) Defra or Monument number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceNY844968
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  • Dodds, John F., 1999, Bastions and Belligerents (Newcastle upon Tyne: Keepdate Publishing) p. 336


  • Ryder, P.F., 1990, Bastles and Towers in the Northumberland National Park (Report for Northumberland National Park Authority) p. 57
  • Grundy, J., 1987, The Historic Buildings of the Northumberland National Park ROC24