Kirknewton Tower

Has been described as a Possible Fortified Manor House, and also as a Possible Pele Tower

There are no visible remains

NameKirknewton Tower
Alternative NamesEast Newton; Newton in Glendale
Historic CountryNorthumberland
Modern AuthorityNorthumberland
1974 AuthorityNorthumberland
Civil ParishKirknewton

A tower at Kirknewton is first mentioned in 1415 (Vickers 1922).

A survey of 1715 refers to it as a large tower with a quadrangular wall and circular towers about it (Hodgson).

Its position is described as being a short distance south east of the church and south west of the Parsonage house (Maclaughlan 1867).

Siting not established. Approximate position NT 914302, otherwise no further information (F1 DK 01-FEB-67).

Described in 1541 as a small tower owned by Strothers, in 1715 it was described as a strong tower with quadrangular wall and round towers about the tower. The conflicting descriptions probably indicate a remodelling after 1541 (King 1983; Dodds 1999). (PastScape)

There was a tower-house at Kirknewton which had probably been built by the Strothers after they acquired the land in the 14th century. It is first mentioned in the list of Northumbrian fortifications compiled for Henry V, in 1415, before his departure for France, when the tower was in the hands of Thomas Strother.

In 1541 it is described as a 'lytle towre and a stone house joyned to the same' by the Border commissioners Sir Robert Bowes and Sir Ralph Ellerker (Bates 1891, 32-3). This sounds like a classic 'solar tower' arrangement, with a tower tacked on to an earlier manor house, which usually took the form of a single or more often two-storey hall house with a kitchen at one end separated from the hall by a cross-passage, with the lord's private chamber (solar) located at the other end of the range. It was the latter end which the tower was invariably added to. This arrangement was much more common than was previously realised.

Investigation has shown that a great many towers once considered to have been freestanding in fact had earlier houses attached, fragments of those houses being found preserved within the fabric of apparently later, 17th- or 18th century mansions standing alongside the tower

However the potentially severe disadvantages of this arrangement are revealed by Bowes and Ellerker who go on to record: the walls of which stone house ys so lowe that in the laste warres (c. 1532) the Scotts wanne (won) the said stone house & sett fyer on yt and had thereby allmost brunte the tower & all. The experience whereof sheweth that yt were expedyente to rase the walls of the said stone house higher and to fortefye the same able for the defence of common skrymyshes.

This might suggest the attached manor house only had a single storey, but even a two-storey hall would not necessarily have defeated determined Scottish raiders. The solution Bowes and Ellerker recommended was essentially that adopted at Haughton Castle in North Tynedale where a two-storey hall house was reinforced and raised another two floors during the later medieval period. However the Strothers actually seem to have adopted a different course. In the early 18th century, John Warburton described a large ruinous tower in Kirknewton surrounded by a 'quadrangular wall and circular towers' (Hodgson 1916, 11).

In other words the Strothers enclosed the tower with a circuit wall to create a defensible ward, furnished with circular towers or turrets, perhaps at the four corners. Warburton does not mention the remains of the manor house. It is uncertain whether the Strothers had demolished it, heightened it as Bowes and Ellerker suggested or, perhaps most likely, the antiquary had simply failed to distinguish the ruins of the house from those of the tower. It is noticeable that, unlike Bowes and Ellerker, he considers it a large tower, which would imply one of the latter two explanations. The quadrangular enclosure might have occupied the later site of West Kirknewton Farm. (Northumberland National Park)

Gatehouse Comments

The site is lost. PastScape place this in Kirknewton, presumably near to the church, whereas the Northumberland National Park suggest Westnewton at NT903302. They are also suggesting this was originally a hall with solar tower (a pele tower) converted into an enclosed fortified house. Despite being called a large tower by some writers it does not seem to have been a tower house with all major chambers enclosed in one multi-storey tower.

- Philip Davis

Not scheduled

Not Listed

Historic England (PastScape) Defra or Monument number(s)
County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceNT914302
HyperLink HyperLink HyperLink

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  • Dodds, John F., 1999, Bastions and Belligerents (Newcastle upon Tyne: Keepdate Publishing) p. 72-3
  • Salter, Mike, 1997, The Castles and Tower Houses of Northumberland (Malvern: Folly Publications) p. 115 (slight)
  • Graham, Frank, 1993, Northumberian Castles Aln, Tweed and Till (Butler Publishing) p.
  • Rowland, T.H., 1987 (reprint1994), Medieval Castles, Towers, Peles and Bastles of Northumberland (Sandhill Press) p. 32
  • King, D.J.C., 1983, Castellarium Anglicanum (London: Kraus) Vol. 2 p. 350
  • Graham, Frank, 1976, The Castles of Northumberland (Newcastle-upon-Tyne: Frank Graham) p. 222-3
  • Long, B., 1967, Castles of Northumberland (Newcastle-upon-Tyne) p. 129
  • Vickers, Kenneth H. (ed), 1922, Northumberland County History (Newcastle-upon-Tyne) Vol. 11 p. 150-1 online copy
  • Bates, C.J., 1891, Border Holds of Northumberland (London and Newcastle: Andrew Reid) p. 19 (Also published as the whole of volume 14 (series 2) of Archaeologia Aeliana view online)
  • MacLauchlan, H. 1867, Notes not included in the memoirs already published on Roman roads (Alnwick) p. 25


  • Chandler, John, 1993, John Leland's Itinerary: travels in Tudor England (Sutton Publishing) p. 344
  • Toulmin-Smith, Lucy (ed), 1910, The itinerary of John Leland in or about the years 1535-1543 (London: Bell and Sons) Vol. 5 p. 66 online copy


  • Hodgson, J.C., 1916, 'List of Ruined Towers, Chapels, etc., in Northumberland; compiled about 1715 by John Warburton, Somerset Herald, aided by John Horsley' Archaeologia Aeliana (ser3) Vol. 13 p. 11 abridged transcription
  • Bates, C.J., 1891, 'Border Holds of Northumberland' Archaeologia Aeliana (ser2) Vol. 14 p. 19 online copy

Primary Sources


  • The Archaeological Practice Ltd., 2004, 'Kirknewton and Westnewton Northumberland an archaeological and historical study of a border township' Northumberland National Park Historic Village Atlas (The Northumberland National Park Authority) online copy