Hunter Oak, Allendale

Has been described as a Possible Bastle

There are masonry ruins/remnants remains

NameHunter Oak, Allendale
Alternative Names
Historic CountryNorthumberland
Modern AuthorityNorthumberland
1974 AuthorityNorthumberland
Civil ParishAllendale

The ruins of an old building stand in a field wall near the present farm of Hunter Oak {Which Dodds writes 'is rumoured to have replaced a bastle, but there is no proof.}. It is a rectangular building about 8m long by 6m wide with walls about 0.8m thick. The west end of the building was still standing about 2.5m high in the 1990s, but the east and north walls have fallen down. The building has some characteristics of a bastle, such as a slit vent and rubble walls, but is not a typical example because of the thin walls. (Keys to the Past)

Probable bastle, ruinous, 8.05 m by 6.05 m. Walls 0.8-0.9m thick. Basement slit vent, set-back for first floor. (Ryder 1992)

Incorporated in a field wall north west of the present farm of Hunter Oak, are the ruins of an older building. This has consisted of a rectangular block c.8m by 6.1m, with rubble walls having elongate roughly shaped quoins, c.0.8m thick. Near the west end of the south wall is a slit vent; the west end stands to 2.5m, with an internal set-back at 1.5m; the east and north walls have gone. A second building has been attached to the west end, 7.65m long and of uncertain width; only the lower part of its south wall, of similar fabric but a little thinner, survives incorporated in the field wall.

The fabric type and slit vent are very typical of bastles in the area, so this ruin can perhaps be classed as a 'probable' rather than a 'possible' bastle, although the walling is a little on the thin side (Ryder 1994-5). (Northumberland HER)

Not scheduled

Not Listed

County Historic Environment Record
OS Map Grid ReferenceNY795573
HyperLink HyperLink HyperLink

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  • Dodds, John F., 1999, Bastions and Belligerents (Newcastle upon Tyne: Keepdate Publishing) p. 418
  • Ryder, Peter, 1996, Bastle Houses in the Northern Pennines (Alston: The North Pennines Heritage Trust) p. 16, 17


  • Christopherson, R., 2011, 'Northumberland bastles: origin and distribution' Medieval Settlement Research Vol. 26 p. 21-33 (listed in appendix)
  • Ryder, P.F., 1992, 'Bastles and bastle-like buildings in Allendale' Archaeological Journal Vol. 149 p. 351-79 (listed in appendix)


  • Ryder, P.F., 1994-5, Towers and Bastles in Northumberland Part 4 Tynedale District Vol. 1 p. 10